1. #1
    oz10engine
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post FREELANCING OR NOT

    If you do something that needs to get done on the fireground is it freelancing. I guess it depends on what you do and how your SOP's are set up. Is freelancing throwing ground ladders without being told to, is freelancing pulling a hoseline off the piece when your the lineman on a 1st due house fire with smoke showing without being ordered to? Is freelancing breaking out a window that's smoke stained and pushing smoke. What about cutting off the gas on the scene of a basement fire ? Or is freelancing opening up a roof with a good fire below without getting permission. How about opening the nozzle and putting it out the window for ventilation after the fire is knocked without being told to. Or is freelancing doing anything without getting permission ?

  2. #2
    SmokeEater31
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    oz10engine

    Well, I think "freelancing" can be viewed by different people different ways.

    In reponse to the examples you have given:
    I would say NO it is not to:
    1). Pulling the line if you are the first due attack piece.
    This is PROBABLY s SOP for any company in the U.S. We ALL know that the line is going to be used for either 1). Interior or 2). Exterior. I would say that you cross that "freelancing" line if you just pulled your crew and began an interior attack before the OIC decided on the safety issues involved.
    2). Myself, I would vent the room if I was SURE..NO..POSITIVE that the fire was NOT going to become a danger somewhere else in the structure by my ventilating. (In all probablility, I would most likely call Command, and advise them of my intentions PRIOR to that tactic, just to cover my *****, and any other teams that may be performing other tasks(i.e. SAR)

    The rest of the topics (in my opinion) I would definitely say are freelancing. The reason(s) behind said decision is the tactics that are all mentioned are something that could cause a worse situation if not done properly, or without complete knowledge of the TOTAL situation. I know that I am aware of the "big picture" when I arrive on scene, but then I tend to focus on task(s) assigned to me, and therefore, could NOT make a qualified decision that MAY put OTHER firefighters at risk.

    Just my .02

    ------------------
    Your Brother In The Service,
    Rob Herpel
    FF/EMT
    Vice-Pres./Asst. EMS Coordinator
    Fremont Rural Fire Department

  3. #3
    Davidjb
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Interesting question, I think I would consider freelancing doing something on a scene that has the possibility of having a detrimental impact on the overall operation and doing so without the knowledge or approval of the IC. (others I'm sure will point out holes in this definition)
    If one of my guys tossed up a ladder I would praise him for providing that additional exit route, breaking out windows randomly is probably not a good idea though, nor is random roof ventilation. Turning the gas off is a good thing though.
    I think you'll find many different opinions on this one.

    ------------------
    David Brooks,
    Lieutenant, NRFR
    Newmarket Fire & Rescue
    Newmarket, New Hampshire
    www.NewmarketNH.com/fire
    (All opinions are my own)

  4. #4
    Eng522ine
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    I'd have to say that all of those actions/situations MAY qualify as freelancing depending on the situation. If you're part of a crew that works together regularly and you each know what the other (and yourselves) are expected to do as a team and as relating to your assignment, then no, I don't believe it is freelancing. If you arrive at an incident with a high likelihood of growing, and ICS is initiated, ask your OIC or point out to him what you see that needs to be done. If you're doing it on your own without orders and without letting your OIC know what you're doing and why, then yes, I'd say that's freelancing. ICS works great, once you get used to using it. It also helps a LOT if you have competent officers that you have confidence in. All it takes is one guy freelancing and ICS can fall apart very fast. So, give your officers a chance and don't hesitate to point out things to them that you think they may have missed. Be safe.

  5. #5
    RescueCoFireman
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    I always thought that "Freelancing" was when you happen to show up at another company's/departments call. For example: If your in a neighboring town and they get a fire call and you show up to "lend a hand". This doesn't happen too much with paid departments, more of an area that has volunteer fire companies.

    For what you have metioned, I would say no it is not freelancing...more like doing your job. Somethings are automatic and do not need orders. Your officer should expect you to do certain things automatically without needing to issue an order such as pulling the first line, rescuing occupants in immediate danger or venting.

  6. #6
    Sirene
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Question

    I would say that anything that is done per SOPs by a company or individual is not freelancing.
    On our job freelancing is when a company or individual is sent to do a task but takes it upon themselves to do something different without having sufficient justification to alter their original task. Like taking care of life safety or an exposure before doing the first assignment. The first assignment would be less important than this other task. Fire fighters have to take the initiative and do what needs to be done at times without having to be given direct orders. This is why we are highly trained professionals.
    We also have times when a company is split up and the individual members go and take care of their assignments. Then when done they go and do what they want -freelance-before reporting back to their officer.
    We really don't have a big problem with freelancing but there is also a lot of things that get done per SOP without orders.
    I guess why they are called Standard Operating Procedures.
    Darren (Sirene) Reeves

  7. #7
    LtStick
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Here's an example of Freelancing that happened at a call I was on.
    A structure fire in an area not served by Hydrants. A tanker shuttle is set up. One of the companies assisting on the call pulls in with there engine which carries around 1,200 gallons of water and instead of feeding the primary attack engine. They pull lines off there Engine and begin attacking the fire. En though they were suppose to supply the primary attack engine. They didn't contact command and there were already a sufficient number of lines pulled from the first engine.
    I would say this is a good example of freelancing. I think there is a fine line between doing your job without being told every little thing and just out and out doing what you want. Which would be freelancing.

  8. #8
    knappsk
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Freelancing around here usually happens after the fire is knocked down and overhauled, and people are still "creating" reasons to be in the fire room destroying things, or, when guys "wander" away from their crew during the fire, usually on the outside because they can't sit still in staging or as RIT. Also, they preach sticking with your crew, then when we do have a fire, I get told to "meet up with the other crews" in the building so my Captain can be "Outside Command". Freelancing?

  9. #9
    RMIII
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Originally posted by RescueCoFireman:
    I always thought that "Freelancing" was when you happen to show up at another company's/departments call. For example: If your in a neighboring town and they get a fire call and you show up to "lend a hand". This doesn't happen too much with paid departments, more of an area that has volunteer fire companies.
    In our area, we call that person who shows up uninvited a "Squirrel".


  10. #10
    Break-N-Entry
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Angry

    Not an easy question to answer; but here's my honest answer or two cents:

    Some words are best defined by using it's opposite. Example: good is the opposite of bad, fat is the opposite of skinny.

    "Freelancing" is the opposite of "Atta-boy!"

    Do something that works - everybody says: "Atta-boy! Good thinking!"

    Do something that doesn't work - everybody says: "You stupid freelancing so and so!"

  11. #11
    DCFD1051
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Oz,

    I don't believe that most of what you have described would be considered "free lanacing" on our job, at least not by officers and chiefs that know their jobs and know what they are taklking about.

    When a pump operator takes it upon himself to throw additional ladders, flake out lines, chock doors, etc., I would not consider it free lancing, as long as he has his portable radio with him and is never out of contact with his crew inside. Actions such as these serve to make the fireground safer and more efficient.

    However, when it comes to horizontal ventilation, all actions MUST be carefully coordinated, and consideration must be given to the location of the fire and the positioning of CHARGED hose lines. The practice of arbitrarily breaking out windows just because smoke is comming out of them can often have the dire consequnces of intensifying and spreading the fire. The tragedy at Cherry Road is a prime example of what can happen when horizontal ventilation and and engine company operations are not coordinated.

    As far as vertical ventilation is concerned, it can and should usually be done right away without the need to get permission or coordinate with engine company actions. Removing skylights and scuttle hatches should be done immediately at every fire by the roof team. This will make it much easier for the engine to push in when it is ready, and will not usually cause a fire to intensify or spread. In fact, it can and usually will prevent flashover from occurring.

    Cutting the roof, however, should only be done if the fire has posession of the top floor and/or attic/cockloft areas (or on a 1-story building with a cockloft and/or no natural openings). There are, of course, exceptions to this. The roofs of balloon frame Queen Anne type structures with fire in the basement and extending upward should be cut right away to prevent the mushrooming of heat,smoke and flames on the top floor and attic.

    To sum this overdrawn answer up, actions taken on the fire ground which are coordinated, communicated and and result in enhancing the safety and efficiency of the fireground would never be considered free lancing in my book!

    [This message has been edited by DCFD1051 (edited 04-12-2001).]

  12. #12
    engine1321
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Question

    You guys must be reading the abridged book or firefighting essencials. Where I come from (both as an Explorer AND a volunteer) we learn than anything done WITHOUT orders from or approved by command is freelancing. What I also learned about it was that it could potentially get someone injured or worse, killed. I say, prevent LODD's and don't freelance.

    ------------------
    Chief R.J. Stine
    XFD Explorer Post #29
    The Yellow Knights

    [This message has been edited by engine1321 (edited 04-12-2001).]

  13. #13
    lumpy649
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Originally posted by engine1321:
    ...we learn that anything done WITHOUT orders from or approved by command is freelancing.

    You said it almost perfectly, Engine1321... I will add that where I am, certain tasks are expected to be performed without orders or approval, but those are carried out by personnel who understand the effects of what they are doing and how those completing tasks may affect others. Anything done, however, IS communicated to command at the time it is completed. If a task may produce questionable results, it is not done unless approved or ordered by the Incident Commander. Things differ from area to area, I suppose, but most fireground activities should be approved by your superioirs before you attempt them. Stay safe, all...

  14. #14
    eCappy
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Thumbs up

    Good question oz10engine .... "Atta-Boy!" but seriously speaking; it's my opinion that in this day and age every fire department, every battalion, every company, every squad, every officer, and every individual firefighter MUST have: 1) a complete working knowledge of their SOPs, and 2) basic fundamentally safe and sound firefighting skills. Those two factors with training, practice, experience, and lots and lots of critiquing will eliminate any possible freelancing problems. If something needs to be done; well, you better do it!! Wait until ordered? Where does it say that you don't do anything until ordered? If you don't know what to do, how to do it, when to do it, or why you're doing it - you best go home, and quick or go for the coffee. Where does it say that firefighters aren't suppossed to think and act? Where does it say that officers - especially command - have to micro manage? Something needs to be done - do it! Don't wish later on that you had.

  15. #15
    Chiefkeo
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Looks like you started some great convo with this one Oz, but I guess that's the whole purpose right? You picked a wide variety of examples and as has been pointed out a lot depends on the situation. Many of us now have department written SOPs, SOGs or what ever we have chosen to call them. One purpose of these writings is to allow you as a firefighter to act on the fireground,at times, with out current direct orders. You already have your standing orders in these established polices, procedures and guidelines. You department needs to make sure that they train you based on these procedures if they want to avoid freelancing. We all show up on the fireground intending to do what is right and assist those in need. But if no one tells you how they want you to do that can they really say you freelanced? Every Chief knows that it is impossible to issue an order for EVERY action taken on the fireground. But if we prepare and train you well enough in advance, we can stand back and give you an "At a Boy" for doing your job well.

    ------------------
    I shall fear no evil, for I am a Firefighter

  16. #16
    wrongWAY
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    I respect but firmly disagree with some of the opinions that have been expressed here, especially in regards to having 'command' give all the orders. ICS - Incident Command Systems should be employed by all fire departments at every incident irregardless of the nature of the call. None of the examples given by oz10engine should be the commanding officer's decision, and most of the examples are 'automatic' and performed by well trained firefighters following the policies and procedures in their SOPs.

    While preplans, SOPs, training, critiques, and etc all weigh heavily in the elimination of freelancing, it's a good ICS that keeps everything together and running smooth - making the job easier AND safer!

  17. #17
    dr inferno
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    Post

    Theres no point in having a commanding officer if everyone does what they want!! Part of command is sizing up the incident and forming a strategy to achieve a positive result, so if everyone does what they want there is no co-ordination of efforts and chaos runs the occurrence. So in answer to the question most of the examples given are FREELANCING. Sure you have some givens but what if you realize you need to pull a line for a structure fire so you go ahead and tear a one and a half off the engine and the commanding officer in their size up has determined that a two and a half are required and the attack will be defensive or that the engine needs to be relocated do to concerns uncovered in an effective size up now what do you do with the hose that is in a heap next to the rig? Do as Commanded things will work a lot smoother!!

  18. #18
    AlaskanKare
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Talking

    Excellent Question...

    In my dept, freelancing is doing anything you're not told to do, or doing something that isn't in the SOGs.

    Our SOGs say that for a structure fire, a hydrant will be tied. Thus, without telling you too, my IC expects that the 1st or 2nd Engine in is catching a hydrant on the way in. He expects to have a water supply set up. He expects everyone to be bunkered out and with air packs on.

    Now who gets on the line, is up to the IC or Officer. But NO ONE breaks anything with out command. If you are told to do something you do it. You don't pass it along or go off and decide what you think is more interesting to do.

    Being a volunteer department in a small town, granted, it's much easier to keep a closer look at what everyone is doing. But freelancing can still be a big problem. That's where knowing your SOG's is a must.

    Lines don't get pulled off unless an Officer or IC asks for it. You don't ventilate until IC or an Officer asks for it.

    I'm not sure how different this is when you are a larger dept.

  19. #19
    Mr.Meaner
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Geez .... freelancing? I thought those days were over .... long gone .... went the way of the charcoal canister masks and 'monkey see - monkey do' training. I honestly hope and pray that freelancing isn't a real problem anywhere.

    As we firefighters of today write our own chapter in the history of firefighting we should be proud to have; established SOPs, the highest levels of training, preplans, critiques, RIT, 2in/2out, TICs, LDH, cutting edge technology, and ICS to make our job easier and safer. Freelancing should have ended several chapters ago.

    My take on all this is very simple; as long as you're operating within your SOPs (the tried and true policies and procedures of your Fire Department) you can't possibly be freelancing.

    If you are so undisciplined that can't work within those SOPs - or worse yet, if you can't think and act without command telling you everything - it's time to look elsewhere.



  20. #20
    oz10engine
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    Hey guys,thanks for the interesting comments.Most of you responded just like I would.SO HERE'S WHAT I DID. I took comments from the first 15 posts,put them together and this is what i came up with. Their is a difference between freelancing and doing your job w/o being told to. Most of the items I brought up,the feeling was your doing your job as long as it's covered some where in the SOP's and you know what you're doing,why you're doing it,and how to do it w/o having a possible detrimental impact on the operation.If it's something that requires multi-unit coordination the officer/IC needs to make the call. Freelancing IS being ordered to do one thing,but you do something else. Or you'll be called a freelancer if you do something w/o being ordered because it needed to get done, and it goes wrong. The fire scene is organized chaos and certain tasks need to be performed w/o permission, and alot of these are common sense things. FF's have to think and act quickly to get things done that sometimes are not "specifically" in the SOP's w/o being ordered,like pulling attack lines,throwing ladders,using the hoseline for ventilation after knockdown,and cutting off utilities(common sense). These things should be done automatically and/or simultaneously espically with a crew that works together on a regular basis and knows what each other is doing. Every chief needs to know it's impossible to issue every order on a fire and don't micromanage. If you don't let your ff's do anything w/o an order, you are promoting non-thinking ff's. And that's dangerous. I HOPE THIS KINDA SUMS IT UP. STAY TUNED FOR SOME TYPE OF SCENERIO ON THIS TOPIC, LOOK FORWARD TO HEARING FROM YOU.

  21. #21
    ntvilleff
    Firehouse.com Guest

    Post

    There is one point that I didn't see anyone touch on, that I think is the biggest reason NOT to freelance for any reason. ........Accountability.......Whether or not you know what needs to be done or even what the s.o.g.'s say, Unity of command dictates that your line officer knows where you are and what you are doing. All you officers out there should know this! Not to say that you need express permission to do your job. For example, if I am part of the crew responding on the tower, we don't even leave the cab until the company officer has given us our task and who is doing it. (i.e. vent the roof on the 'd' side) how we get our butts up there and what we used to vent is up to us. But I cannot just grab a ground ladder on my own and say.."oh...I think I'll ladder the 'b' side". THAT is freelancing. Shutting off the gas main may be a good thing, but at least let your officer know what your going to do. I'm sure he'd say "good idea,then when your done, come back". When the feces hits the rotating blades, everyone needs to be accounted for.

    Thanks and be safe.

    [This message has been edited by ntvilleff (edited 04-17-2001).]

  22. #22
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    Exclamation Why do we all have different views?

    So, getting back to freelancing.

    Why do we all have different views?

    In the end no matter where you live, operations, or SOG's shouldn't we all operate as a paramilitary organization? We model ourselves after such. Why can't we all realize that no matter how your operations differ from place to place, freelancing is to err, freelancing is to be human. Let us correct and make it a priority to be stopped.

    Let us use the military for example:

    U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division, not much freedom for a soldier to make tactical or operational decisions within the boundaries of their orders.

    U.S. Army Special Forces, a great deal of freedom for a soldier to make independent tactical or operational decisions within boundaries of their orders.


    We are neither of these units, though we have structured our service as they have to some degree. I would say more to the side of small teams of operators as in Special Forces A-Teams.

    Though these teams are allowed autonomy in their decision process they are never without orders and a commanding officer.

    The CO coordinates the show.

    You must act within the scope of your knowledge, skills, abilities, SOPs/SOGs, you orders, and the second by second coordination and planning of your CO.

    Can't we just adopt this type of thinking and apply it to the out-dated term of freelancing?

    Why must we time and time again be assigned a task as new members of a department and watch as the more undisciplined i.e. probie/senior firefighters go do their own thing while the people caring for their reputations/safety do exactly what they are told.

    Why do we have IC's walking around issuing different orders to companies or firefighters that are already engaged?

    These are the behaviors that continue the fine art of freelancing into today.

    This adds to the confusion.... This LEADS to the unheard MAYDAYS.. and ultimately the deaths of our OWN!

    And one last note. Let us be continue to be competitive for action, though let us realize that we have dedicated our time to false alarms, and bogus calls ,and when something real happens let us not get carried away with doing something even if it means freelancing.

    This is the job you chose paid or unpaid; let us remember you are here for the part of the country you live in. Let us remember to be disciplined and do what needs to be done but at the commands of those in charge.

    And to those in charge, remember you are modeling for the next generation, so if you go off on your own and do your own thing, the next firefighter will believe this to be okay, and the cycle will continue.

    No one firefighter is perfect.. But be aware of your actions, think of firefighting not as a sport or hobby, but as an art, and art form that includes the highest degree of personal and professional discipline.

    Discipline that guides your every though and action.

    Discipline that includes considerations such as;
    scope of your knowledge, skills, abilities, SOPs/SOGs, you orders, and the second by second coordination and planning of your CO.

    Let these guide you not, getting in on the action.

  23. #23
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    JohnVBFD's Avatar
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    [QUOTE=trizahler26;809099]
    Let us use the military for example:

    U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division, not much freedom for a soldier to make tactical or operational decisions within the boundaries of their orders.

    U.S. Army Special Forces, a great deal of freedom for a soldier to make independent tactical or operational decisions within boundaries of their orders.

    Actually there is not much difference at all. The soilder in either unit has no more nor any less decision making than each other. The biggest difference is that "normal" military units have a more structured mission and operate in conjunction with other divisions/regiments/services. Special forces have no more wiggle room in their mission orders than the airborne soilder, however they operate solo and independent without any or with minimal support outside of their own unit.

    We are neither of these units, though we have structured our service as they have to some degree. I would say more to the side of small teams of operators as in Special Forces A-Teams.

    Though these teams are allowed autonomy in their decision process they are never without orders and a commanding officer.

    I personally hope we are operating more in conjunction with those around us than solo like the special forces.

    Can't we just adopt this type of thinking and apply it to the out-dated term of freelancing?

    Why must we time and time again be assigned a task as new members of a department and watch as the more undisciplined i.e. probie/senior firefighters go do their own thing while the people caring for their reputations/safety do exactly what they are told.

    I gotta be honest. I really didn't have a problem with anything you said up until that little highlighted section. I'm not going to "rant" and "rave" or tell you this or that. All I will say is this, if your senior firefighters are that undisciplined, then they are NOT senior firefighters.

    And one last note. Let us be continue to be competitive for action, though let us realize that we have dedicated our time to false alarms, and bogus calls ,and when something real happens let us not get carried away with doing something even if it means freelancing.

    I am not competitive for action. I could care less if the companies on the West End of the city have a working fire or not. I only care if I have to backfill their station. Personally though? I don't dedicate my time to false alarms or anything. I dedicate my time to drilling and studying. I find a way to turn that false alarm into a learning experience and review tatics with those I ride with on the trucks.

    QUOTE]
    Co 11
    Virginia Beach FD

    Amateurs practice until they get it right; professionals practice until they cannot get it wrong. Which one are you?

    'The fire went out and nobody got hurt' is a poor excuse for a fireground critique.

  24. #24
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    Quote Originally Posted by DocVBFDE14 View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by trizahler26 View Post
    Let us use the military for example:

    U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division, not much freedom for a soldier to make tactical or operational decisions within the boundaries of their orders.

    U.S. Army Special Forces, a great deal of freedom for a soldier to make independent tactical or operational decisions within boundaries of their orders.

    Actually there is not much difference at all. The soilder in either unit has no more nor any less decision making than each other. The biggest difference is that "normal" military units have a more structured mission and operate in conjunction with other divisions/regiments/services. Special forces have no more wiggle room in their mission orders than the airborne soilder, however they operate solo and independent without any or with minimal support outside of their own unit.

    We are neither of these units, though we have structured our service as they have to some degree. I would say more to the side of small teams of operators as in Special Forces A-Teams.

    Though these teams are allowed autonomy in their decision process they are never without orders and a commanding officer.

    I personally hope we are operating more in conjunction with those around us than solo like the special forces.
    Thanks for pointing that out, Doc. I was going to comment upon it, but figured the poster either has never been in the military...or was actually in the 82nd ABN (OJS) and wore his beret too tight--that maroon dye works wonders on brain cells.
    My opinions might coincide with someone of importance's POV... I wouldn't know, since I never bothered to ask. My policy is: "Don't ask, don't care."

    IACOJ--West Coast PITA

  25. #25
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    Default This is my take

    This is my take on the Questions that were originally asked.

    The big answer is follow your dept’s SOP or SOG but here’s my .02

    1Ground ladder- If there is a reason to get to the roof or window exp. Victim trapped on second floor. No Vic no ladders until command orders crew to vent roof. No reason to be on the roof you might be needed elsewhere.
    Reason being, if a search is being made it may pull fire in to an area that is not burnt or area of a Vic. How do you know where to cut the vent hole. The true seat of the fire has not been found.

    2)Pulling hose line- Should be in SOP or SOG the only thing I see is hose size 1 ¾ or 2 ½. That would be up to the SR FF or SR Officer First Due. If it were me smoke showing SFD 1 ¾ Com 2 ½ no? asked

    3)Taking window- This should never be done except for the purpose immediate rescue at that particular window or coordinated horizontal ventilation. This can cause many problems, back draft, super heated air draft that can get behind FF or compromise search operations.

    4)Shutting off gas- This is standard SOP/SOG at all calls if there is believed to be fire present all utilities except water are shut off. It is safer to shutit off than take the chance.

    5)Open up roof no permission - This is a no no. See #1 If you are ordered to the roof then it is expected that the task given to you/team is to coordinate with the interior crew and open up where the seat of the fire is if at all possible.

    6)Opening nozzle to vent out of a window- We do have this option but only when it is relayed to outside crews that we will be venting and the ok is sounded and when there is someone in place to keep all personnel out of harms way. He must have direct radio contact with the hose/attack team.


    This is how we would handle the situations above,

    K Dugas
    Duson Vol.Fire Dept.
    FF1 Haz Mat OP's

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