FEMA's lead in the new Office of National Preparedness requires congressional approval. FEMA as a consequence management agency is ideal for post-weapons of mass destruction operations. However, if it is a crime scene, DOJ is the crisis management agency and still has jurisidiction of the scene. Is a Fireman/Hazmat/EMS going in if the perpetrator is still on scene dispersing toxic agent or committing a traditional secondary crime (shooting, hostages, barricading, threatening etc...)? A tactical agency from the local community will contain the scene, assess the scene, wait for support or execute an entry and take down rendering the area safe for consequence management personnel to respond. Anti-Terrorism is a concept that reacts to terrorist events whereas Counter-Terrorism is proactive efforts toward defeating terrorism before it can be effective or during its actual impact.