what are your dept's SOG for vehicle placement, operations etc when responding to gas leaks, residential, comercial, industrial?
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Thread: SOGs' for gas leaks
03-07-2002, 09:32 AM #1
SOGs' for gas leaks9/11/01 forever in our hearts
03-09-2002, 09:28 AM #2
Can anyone tell me what NFPA and ISO recommends on natural gas leaks, what I am looking for is how many engines or truck company's should respond per their recommendations?"I have no ambition in this world but one, and that is to be a fireman. The position may, in the eyes of some, appear to be a lowly one; but we know the work which a fireman has to do believe that his is a noble calling."
Edward F. Croker
Fire Dept. City of New York
03-09-2002, 10:23 AM #3
- Join Date
- Oct 2001
- Woodlands, Tx.
Fire department units may encounter natural gas in a variety of situations and incident types, each presenting a different set of hazards and problems. The following guidelines present an approach which will be applicable in the majority of situations, but do not replace good judgment and experience in dealing with any particular incident. The guidelines should be used whenever situations are encountered that do not clearly indicate that a different approach is required to more safely resolve the hazard.
Natural gas is much lighter than air and will usually dissipate rapidly in the outside environment. Inside buildings, however, it tends to pocket, particularly in attics and dead air spaces. The flammable limits are approximately 4% to 15% in air. Natural gas itself is non-toxic, however, it displaces oxygen and can result in asphyxiation if in a confined space. Flammable gas ranges can only be determined by a combustible gas instrument. Request the dispatch of Hazardous Materials Team unit and utility company.
Burning natural gas should not normally be extinguished, since this would change the situation from a visible to invisible hazard with explosive potential. Fires should be controlled by stopping the flow.
2.0 INCIDENTS AT WHICH AN EXPLOSION HAS OCCURRED
Units arriving at the scene of a structural explosion must consider natural gas as a possible cause. Explosions have occurred in structures which were not served by natural gas. Underground leaks may permit gas to travel considerable distances before entering a structure through the foundation, around pipes or through void spaces In these circumstances, the cause of the explosion may be difficulty to determine.
2.1 Until it can be determined that the area is safe from the danger of further explosions, evacuate all civilians and keep the number of Fire Department and/or other emergency personnel (i.e., gas company personnel) in the area, to the minimum number necessary to stabilize the situation. Taken a pessimistic point of view.
2.2 Do not rely on gas odor. Use combustible gas indicators to check all suspected areas. Both gas company personnel and the Hazardous Materials Team has combustible gas indicators for this purpose.
2.3 Check areas systematically using combustible gas indicators. Start outside of the area of the explosion, and move into the area until readings indicate detectable concentration. Map the readings for the affected area.
2.4 If a gas concentration is encountered inside, adjacent to, or underneath any building, secure all possible sources of ignition in the affected area. Cut electricity from outside the affected area to avoid arcing. Ventilate buildings where gas is found with explosion proof equipment only.
2.5 The use of ground probes is essential to evaluate potential underground leaks. When gas company personnel are on the scene, ground probe readings and location must be coordinated. Time, location, and concentration should be recorded for each probe—subsequent readings should be taken from same holes when possible.
2.6 Command shall provide for effective interaction between gas company personnel and the fire department. Gas company personnel are responsible for locating and eliminating leaks in the gas system. As industry specialists, they can provide Command with valuable assistance in the effective handling of these incidents. In most cases, a company officer with a portable radio will be required to supervise during on-site operations.
2.7 Command must ensure the safety and stability of the structure. If further collapse is possible the Technical Rescue should be called to provide shoring, cribbing, or other means of stabilizing the structure.
3.0 INCIDENTS INVOLVING A REPORTED GAS LEAK – NO FIRE OR EXPLOSION
Calls for “odor of gas,” “gas leak,” “broken gas line,” and similar situations may range from minor to potentially major incidents. All of these should be approached as potentially dangerous situations.
With gas company personnel on the scene of an incident, it shall be standard procedure for the first fire department unit to provide effective interaction between agencies. Gas company personnel shall be responsible for locating and eliminating leak sources. Gas company personnel and/or the Hazardous Materials Team shall obtain a sufficient number of gas concentration readings, using their combustible gas for Command to evaluate the hazard and take appropriate action.
In all cases, fire department units shall take whatever actions are necessary to provide for life and property safety.
The Hazardous Materials Plan should be used as a basic guide for these incidents. A minimum number of personnel should be allowed to enter the area to size-up the situation while any additional units stage in a location out of the potentially dangerous zone.
3.1 Evacuate any civilians in the area of escaping gas.
3.2 Attempt to locate the source of the gas and any shutoff devices available.
3.3 Gas leak situations within a building where the source of the leak is unknown or uncontrolled, the gas supply shall be shut off at the meter. This is most easily accomplished with the cooperation of the gas supplier at the scene.
3.4 If there is any indication of gas accumulating within a building, evacuate civilians from the structure and control ignition sources. Check for explosive concentrations with a combustible gas indicator if there is any suspicion of accumulation within a structure. Shut off electrical power from an outside breaker. Ventilate using explosive proof blowers to pressurize if necessary.
3.5 If gas company personnel must excavate to shut off a leak, provide stand-by protection with a charge 1½-inch line and two firefighters in full protective equipment and SCBA.
4.0 PERSONNEL SAFETY
All personnel working in the vicinity of a known or suspected gas leak shall wear full protective clothing with SCBA’s. Personnel working in a suspected ignitable atmosphere (i.e., attempting to shut off a gas line) shall be breathing air from SCBA and shall be covered by a manned protective hose line. The number of exposed personnel will be kept to an absolute minimum at all times.
A Limited Access Zone shall be established and maintained around any suspected gas leak and “fire line” tape should be used to identify the Limited Access Zone when necessary.
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