INCREASED TERRORIST INTEREST IN TOXIC
CHEMICAL MATERIALS AND DELIVERY METHODS
CHEMICAL DISPERSAL DEVICE
Recently obtained information details the construction of a possible terrorist chemical weapon made with easily available items. If used the device would likely produce cyanogen chloride,hydrogen cyanide, and possibly chlorine. Little or no training is required to assemble and deploy such a device, due to its simplicity.
The chemical device consists of a pierced container or canister, such as a large milk container or paint can, to allow the toxic gas to exit. Some materials in the device are likely to be in glass bottles or vials. The bottom of the container would be partially filled with white solid and dark reddish-brown crystals. The device could be used with or without a detonator. The detonator or other means is used to break the glass containers, releasing the acid and allowing the chemicals to mix, creating a vapor.
POSSIBLE AREAS OF USE
The device could be placed near air intakes or ventilation systems, in crowded open spaces or in enclosed spaces which include, but are not limited to: subways, sports stadiums, arenas, office buildings (with security guards), hospitals, malls, restaurants, and schools.
INDICATORS OF AN ATTACK:
♦ Odor of bitter almonds (HCN) or acrid, choking odor (ClCN)
♦ Burning pain in the victimís eyes (ClCN) or irritating to lungs (Cyanogen chloride)
♦ White cloud around the device generating the gas.
♦ Suffocation, palpitations, nausea, vomiting, confusion, hyperventilation, anxiety and vertigo
which may progress to agitation, stupor, coma, and death.
♦ Delayed evacuation and panic-related injuries in an enclosed space.
Cyanide poisoning: high doses of oxygen. Chapter 6, OMAD 05A-2003 Medical Management of Cyanide (Revised)..
SUGGESTED PROTECTIVE MEASURES
♦ All members shall make sure they are wearing their PPE and don their SCBA.
♦ It is likely that all reactants will not be totally consumed at first, and the device may
reactivate when it was disturbed, which could severely impair emergency responders.
♦ Incident commander shall request the appropriate hazmat response unit to utilize their
monitoring instruments and specialized equipment.
Reprinted from article submitted by Department of Homeland Security
Great. E40 your just full of good news.
Recently, units have responded to incidents involving improvised explosive devices using plastic beverage bottles, which have exploded and caused injuries to civilians. After conferring with NYPD Arson and Explosion Unit, Fire Marshals have found that there have been several incidents involving these devices. These devices are known as "Drano Bombs." The typical "Drano Bomb" is a plastic soda bottle, filled halfway with water, into which strips or rolled pieces of aluminum foil have been added. Crystal Drano or a similar drain
cleaner is then added and the top is tightened. The aluminum foil is oxidized by the solution,causing a build-up of pressure. When the pressure is too great for the container to hold it explodes, creating a projectile hazard as well as the expulsion of a caustic liquid. There's no way to determine the time from the placement of the device to the explosion, and may be as short as 30 seconds.
Hello! Do we realy need to post the ins and out of how to make these things here E40?
We've got all sorts of people reading these forums, not just emergency servcie personnel....
lutan1, I realize you have seen it all before. But I think some people have not. As far as the bad guy goes he's seen it and more... :cool: