1. #1
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    Post FDNY Response Times

    Duh....we coulda called this one. But they'd rather open firehouses in Baghdad.

    Assemblyman: Firehouse closures caused spike in response times
    NEW YORK (AP) - The closing of fire engine companies in six
    neighborhoods last year has slowed response times in those areas by
    nearly 30 seconds, according to a report by a state lawmaker.
    Emergency response times have also increased - by an average of
    13 seconds across the city - since the companies were shuttered,
    Assemblyman Jeffrey Klein said at a news conference Sunday.
    The closures may also have contributed to a 23 percent spike in
    fire deaths in the last six months, Klein said. He called for the
    firehouses to be reopened.
    "Speed matters," he said. "Cardiac specialists will tell you
    that the quicker you can administer help to someone who has a heart
    attack, the better you can save someone."
    Klein compared response times from a six-month period after the
    closings - June 2003 through January 2004 - with the same period in
    the previous three years.
    The average response time in the six areas where companies
    closed increased 27 seconds, he said. The biggest rise was in
    Cobble Hill, Brooklyn, which had an average response time of 4
    minutes and 55 seconds, an increase of 51 seconds.
    Francis Gribbon, a Fire Department spokesman, told The New York
    Times for Monday editions that average response times had increased
    partly because of delays caused by the citywide blackout last
    summer.
    The neighborhoods where engine companies closed were Astoria,
    Queens; Harlem, in Manhattan; and Cobble Hill, Bedford-Stuyvesant,
    Greenpoint and Sunset Park, in Brooklyn.
    The closures led to protests by residents of the neighborhoods
    where the firehouses were located, and by firefighters, who said
    the closures would endanger lives.
    Last October, Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta acknowledged
    that response times had risen in affected neighborhoods, but said
    the times were still within acceptable guidelines.

    (Copyright 2004 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)
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    Here is what Chief Dunn had to say about the recent closings. Notice his remarks about response times vs. reflex times....

    Vincent Dunn Consultants
    March 4, 2004

    To: Honorable Jeffrey Klein Assembly Standing Committee 0n
    Oversight, Analysis and Investigation

    From: Vincent Dunn Deputy Chief, FDNY (Ret)

    Subject: The 2003 closing of six fire companies by the New York City Fire Department

    What is the significance of response times?

    The significance of response times cannot be overstated. Firefighters must get to a fire before the blaze reaches “flashover”. Flashover is a room bursting into flame. There are three stages to a fire:
    Growth stage; fully developed stage and decay stage. Flashover occurs in the growth stage of a fire. A typical burning room can flashover after 4 minutes. The training video produced by the National Fire Protection Association “Countdown to Disaster” shows a room flashing over after four minutes. If firefighters arrive at a fire in time
    they can stop flashover. That is the significance of response time.

    How do response time increases generally translate into danger to life, limb and property?

    During the growth stage of a fire the temperature rises to 1000 to 1200 degrees during flashover. For example inhaling 2 or 3 breaths of 300 degrees F hot air in a fire will kill a person. An exposure to a temperature of 160 degrees F. for 60 seconds will give a person a second degree burn (blistering). Exposure to 180 degrees F. for 30 seconds will give a second degree burn; and 212 degrees for 15 seconds gives a second degree burn. Ordinary combustible material ignites around 500 degrees F., and steel fails at 1100 degrees. Flashover at 1100 to 1200 degrees F. may occur in a burning room within four minutes. That is how response time increases translate into danger to life and limb and property.

    What are the national standards for response time?

    The national standards for response time cannot be used in New York City. The 900,000 buildings in the city and its 8,000,000 people cannot be subject to national standards. The city of New York is not standard. There is nothing standard about this City. The height and
    density of buildings cannot be found any place else in America. The national standards are designed for smaller cities with predominantly private dwellings, two and three story row houses, and one story commercial buildings. New York has many more high rise buildings, taller high rise buildings. For example we have 30 and 40 story high rise apartments, the six and seven story dwelling, housing many of our most needy people. These buildings are almost nonexistent in
    other cities. The density and closeness of our buildings create a conflagration danger. The national standard has no relevance in New York City.

    What are acceptable response times?

    The City of New York has used out of date response time calculations to justify closing six fire houses. Unfortunately, the FDNY does not have accurate response time information today. The last study on FDNY
    response time was conducted by the RAND institute back in the 1970s. The city’s buildings, the city’s population, and the city’s traffic have changed greatly since then. The FDNY should be required to determine present day acceptable response times for different neighborhoods of the city of New York. Acceptable response times should vary depending on the neighborhood’s building density, building heights, traffic patterns and the time of day. There can not be one single response time for all communities of New York City. New York must have a high rise urban response time, suburban response time, and even some rural area response times. The FDNY should be directed to conduct research and determine accurate present day reflex time measurements. But in the real world of today’s Fire Department, the only measuring stick we have is the FDNY’s outmoded formula. Acceptable response times today should be as good as, or better than we were able to achieve yesterday. New York City apparently gave up on that goal when it decided a smaller, cheaper Fire Department would suffice.

    Have fire department response times changed since the closing for all types of incidents?

    The City of New York’s definition of “response time” is inaccurate, misleading and should be changed. The city’s definition of response time – the time between alarm receipt and arrival of firefighters at the alarm box location- should be changed to a more realistic measurement of response time. In the 1970 President’s Commission
    report, titled “America Burning” they defined a more accurate response measurement. It is called, “reflex time”. Reflex time is the time from alarm receipt, to the time when the first hose stream discharges water on a fire. This measurement of fire response is
    more accurate than the FDNY response time, because after the fire company arrives at the box location, firefighters must do more. Firefighters must then connect to a fire hydrant, stretch the hose, climb up several flights of stairs, and search for the flames
    before they discharge water on the fire. These tasks must be added to the City of New York’s misleading response time measurement.
    The real increase in response time -reflex time- caused by the company closings, and firefighter cuts, has not been revealed by the City of New York. So, all of their findings are skewed.

    Do the monetary savings of closing the fire companies justify whatever losses may occur?

    Definitely, No. You can’t measure, in dollars and cents, the value of a person’s life or personal treasures. They call the Fire Department for help. Calls and cries on telephones, from voice alarm boxes, from real live people in trouble. They are not just “runs” or “responses”. The bureaucrats like to use terms like “runs” or “responses” because it seems less imperative. They are calls for help often from terrified people. The monetary savings resulting from shutting six fire companies are gained by delaying firefighters getting to a man, women or child threatened by a fire or illness.

    The effects of closing the six fire companies on neighborhoods will be:

    A sense of reduced public safety. It is not just longer response times to their cries for help. When a community resident passes by the closed, and boarded up firehouse each day, they will understand there has been a withdrawal of city services to their community. The closed firehouse symbolizes a reduction of safety provided to their family in case of an emergency. The community may not realize, when they pull an alarm box or call 911 there will not be as quick a response to their family. A fire officer and 4 firefighters coming
    to save them from a heart attack, car accident, fire, building collapse, or hazardous materials spill will be delayed.

    The effects of closing fire houses on the city as a whole will be:

    When it is a dark night, to a person who chooses to walk down the street housing the fire station for safety- the City of New York has said, sorry closed.

    As for so-called “verbal alarm”, a term used by fire fighters to describe a person running into a fire house reporting a fire- the City of New York has said sorry closed.

    To people being chased by muggers running into firehouses for safety- the city of New York has said –sorry closed.

    To drug pushers, street gangs, and street gamblers who do not gather on the block housing a firehouse – the City of New York has said go ahead, this firehouse is closed.

    To the few firehouses that have become informal community meeting places, like the people’s firehouse, engine 212 in Brooklyn - the City of New York has said sorry closed; and yes, arrests the people.

    The closing of six firehouses demonstrates this city administration, unlike the past one, is not interested in public safety.

    What relation, if any, is there between the fire company closings and overall manpower rates for the Fire Department?

    (30 firefighters a company) The city will reduce the fire department staffing by 180 firefighters and officers. There will be 180 fewer firefighters and officers on the roster of the FDNY because of six closed firehouses.

    Yours truly,
    Vincent Dunn,
    Deputy Chief,
    FDNY, (ret)

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    Well said, Chief Dunn.

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    Fire deaths rose 29% from 2002 to 2003 and, according to our analysis, the citywide average response time rose 13 seconds since Mayor Bloomberg closed six firehouses in May 2003 - 13 times the prediction of 1 second.
    In what looks increasingly like an attempt to justify a misguided policy move, City Hall and the FDNY have continued to propagate disingenuous arguments and even misinformation on the effects of the closures.All the while, 250,000 residents of six predominantly poor and working-class communities are receiving second-rate fire protection with response times increasing by nearly double the 13-second citywide increase.The rest of the city also suffers from a related ripple effect: The size of the districts each of the remaining firehouse serves increases without increasing the number of firefighters to serve them.Furthermore, the communities affected by the closed firehouses are experiencing unprecedented growth in population. According to the 2000 census, Harlem, which housed Engine 36, has a population growing at twice the rate of the population of Manhattan. The mayor has cited the fiscal crisis for the closings. But this year, he is proposing to give property tax rebates and continues to further pet projects such as the installation of portable toilets.Perhaps most troubling of all, City Hall and the FDNY have refused to critically examine the frightening numbers already mentioned here. Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta has come up with new raw data showing that the average citywide response time is 11 seconds. Even if his updated data are accurate, they still indicate a 10-second increase in response times over what was promised.The mayor and commissioner have repeatedly pointed to the August blackout and to January's frigid conditions as key factors that have led to these increases, with the implication that these occurrences will not repeat themselves. However, if anything, events that we never would have predicted are increasing in frequency.Bloomberg needs to stop using the firehouse issue to establish his ability to withstand political pressure and instead focus on the clear and present danger in which he has placed New Yorkers.
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    Not trying to spark an argument here, guys, and I agree with the premise that firehouses should NOT be shut down, wholeheartedly.

    But isn't it oversimplifying things a bit when you blame the closures on "opening firehouses in Bagdhad"? As if NYC tax money that could keep an NYC firehouse open is being funnelled to the Coalition Authority so they can open one in Iraq?

    Come on, really. I know you're smarter than that, and that you know the difference between federal and local budgets.

    How about, instead of using hyperbole and taking cheap shots at the American effort in Iraq, we argue this based solely on the merits, and on the facts. FDNY response times will suffer in certain areas of the city if firehouses are closed. End of story. It's time for the Bloomberg RHINO administration to start making cuts where there is REAL waste.
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    The opinions expressed are mine and mine alone (but you can borrow them )and may not reflect those of any organization with which I am associated (but then again, they just may not be thinking clearly).

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    great reading !
    IACOJ both divisions and PROUD OF IT !
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    I'm sorry, I haven't been paying much attention for the last 3 hours.....what were we discussing?
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    http://www.firehouse.com/forums/show...60#post1137060post 115

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