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I’m very fortunate to have the opportunity to visit with people from all over the fire and emergency services community. One concern shared with me often centers on the preparation of people who will lead our fire departments, as well as our local, state and national fire service organizations in the future. They will end up being the same people who will regulate the effectiveness of the fire and emergency services in political endeavors.
There has been tremendous turnover of fire service leaders in recent years, and that will continue for the foreseeable future. One of the greatest responsibilities of current fire service leaders is to ensure a strong cadre of men and women to assume key leadership roles. The amount of emphasis placed on this critical area of need varies significantly within the fire and emergency services community.
There are many requirements for the development of people to take these leadership roles and perform successfully. Following are just a few areas of development that can be critical to the future effectiveness of the fire and emergency services:
- Formal education. Current leaders are not doing the future generation of leaders any favors if we fail to support the importance of formal education. In many of the arenas within which they must be effective, their professionalism and qualifications to assume important positions of leadership will be judged to some extent on whether they possess college degrees. Associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s and, in some cases, doctoral degrees can be essential in preparing people for leadership roles in the fire and emergency services, just as they are in many other professions. No matter what degree is pursued, the curriculum must include political science. Our best and brightest leaders of tomorrow must be encouraged to continue formal education.
- Training. Occupational technical training and professional certifications are important to success in the fire and emergency services, no matter what position a person holds. Future and current leaders should be encouraged to strive to achieve high performance levels in order to maintain their personal competence.
- Experience. The measure of a person’s level of experience is not the number of days they show up. It is more a reflection of what the person has been exposed to over time and the lessons taken away from those exposures. Sometimes, seniority and experience have very little in common when it comes to the development of people. It is important that current leaders pass along their experiences to future leaders, but it’s just as important to let them perform in positions that allow them to gain from experiences of their own. People don’t just learn from listening and watching, they also learn by doing. As part of their development, current leaders should let future leaders “do it” while being coached along the way. This includes gaining experience operating at various levels of politics and working on issues that are sure to become politicized.
- Interpersonal skills. Leaders who excel tend to have a few things in common. One of those is their ability to select the right people, inspire them and create open lines of communications. This tends to create relationships built on mutual trust and mutual respect. Leaders who often struggle haven’t figured this out or simply don’t care. This set of skills is so important to success in the political arena. Leaders must be capable of developing positive relationships with people who occupy many different positions at various levels within an organization. This includes those who work in government offices at the local, state and national levels.
These four areas of leadership development certainly don’t cover the full range of requirements for future fire and emergency services leaders, but they are important in establishing a foundation to work from. They cover issues applicable to all fire and emergency services organizations, but they are also critical to success in the many aspects of politics.