TOPIC: HOW’S YOUR APPARATUS STAFFING?
LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION:
TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS
MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS
REFERENCES: FIRE ATTACK 1 AND 2, WARREN Y. KIMBALL, NFPA
MOTIVATION: Adequate staffing at the scene of any emergency can have a direct relationship on the outcome. Inadequate staffing can also contribute to the potential for harm to operating personnel. We owe it to each other to insure that there is a staffing level appropriate for the incident. All the newest and best equipment in the world is useless unless there are people to utilize it.
OBJECTIVE (SPO): 1-1 The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of the need for adequate staffing for a structural fire incident and the assignment of duties among the available personnel.
HOW'S YOUR APPARATUS STAFFING?
* Engine Company Duties
* Utilization of Personnel
YOUR APPARATUS STAFFING?
SPO 1-1 The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of the need for adequate staffing for a structural fire incident and the assignment of duties among the available personnel.
EO 1-1 Demonstrate an understanding of the requirements related to staffing for a structural fire incident.
EO 1-2 Demonstrate an understanding of the duties and responsibilities of an engine company for a structural fire incident.
EO 1-3 Demonstrate how to apply the engine company duties for a structural fire incident to various staffing levels.
A. INTRODUCTION (EO 1-1)
1. Two documents address staffing in terms of operational safety
a. 29 CFR 1910.134(e) addresses operations in IDLH atmospheres
1) Primary emphasis on working in teams of at least two in IDLH atmospheres
2) Regulation addresses the need for additional people in unaffected areas to be available with proper rescue equipment to be able to assist the personnel in the IDLH atmosphere in case of emergency
3) While the regulation does not address apparatus staffing, it does address staffing for operations at the fire scene (two-in/two-out rule)
b. NFPA 1500 (2002), Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
1) Section 6-4.3 states "Members operating in hazardous areas at emergency incidents shall operate in teams of two or more."
2) Section 6-4.4 states "In the initial stages of an incident where only one team is operating in a hazardous area at a working structure fire, a minimum of four individuals is required, consisting of two individuals working as a team in the hazard area and two individuals present outside this hazard area for assistance or rescue at emergency operations where entry into the danger area is required."
2. Primary emphasis in both the Federal regulation and the NFPA standard is utilization of the buddy system and having a rescue team available outside the hazard area to rescue the firefighters in the hazard area in the event of an emergency
3. One other item which should be considered when operating at an emergency scene is that of safety
a. Section 6-4.1 of NFPA 1500 states "Operations shall be limited to those that can be safely performed by the personnel available at the scene."
b. Any operation must include a consideration of safety of the emergency response personnel
c. To do otherwise, would be negligent on the part of the leadership of the department
B. ENGINE COMPANY DUTIES (EO 1-2)
At this point, take the opportunity to review the duties normally assigned to an engine company.
1. Water Supply
a. Delivering water from a source to the fireground
b. Laying supply lines
c. Pumping supply lines from hydrant or static source
d. Tanker operations
e. Shuttling water
f. Relay operations