How's Your Apparatus Staffing?

  INSTRUCTOR GUIDE TOPIC: HOW’S YOUR APPARATUS STAFFING? LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION: TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: FIRE ATTACK 1 AND 2, WARREN Y. KIMBALL...


    d. Comment: With a three-person crew, the officer is required to be part of the attack crew which limits size up or supervision. The establishment of water supply is very limited to operating from the booster tank or connecting to a hydrant in very close proximity to the engine. It is, however, conceivable that a supply line could be dropped from a water source so that an incoming unit could connect it and establish the water supply. The initial attack is limited to one line and exterior operations until more personnel arrive to permit interior entry or activation of additional attack lines.

  2. Four Person Crew

    a. Driver

      1) Operate the fire pump controls

      2) Break supply line or establish water supply if using a hydrant in very close proximity to the engine

    b. Officer

      1) Provide supervision and direction to crew

      2) Perform initial size-up of scene

      3) Provide communications to incident commander

      4) Assist with entry

      5) Assist with rescue, if rescue is required

      6) Assist with initial attack line (operations should be limited to exterior attack until a standby crew is available)

    c. Firefighter 1

      1) Assist with entry

      2) Assist with rescue, if rescue is required

      3) Assist with initial attack line (operations should be limited to exterior attack until a standby crew is available)

    d. Firefighter 2

      1) Pull supply line and connect to hydrant or wait for supply engine

      2) Once water supply established, assist driver at scene

      3) Perform exterior operations such as setting up master streams

    e. Comment: With a four-person crew, the officer is required to be part of the attack crew which limits size up or supervision. The initial attack is limited to one line and exterior operations until more personnel arrive to permit interior entry or activation of additional attack lines. While there are four people on the scene, the driver has other duties and is not available to be part of the standby team.

  3. Five Person Crew

    a. Driver

      1) Operate the fire pump controls

      2) Break supply line or establish water supply if using a hydrant in very close proximity to the engine

    b. Officer

      1) Provide supervision and direction to crew

      2) Perform initial size-up of scene

      3) Provide communications to incident commander

      4) Assist with entry

      5) Assist with rescue, if rescue is required

      6) Assist with initial attack line (operations should be limited to exterior attack until a standby crew is available)

    c. Firefighter 1

      1) Assist with entry

      2) Assist with rescue, if rescue is required

      3) Assist with initial attack line (operations should be limited to exterior attack until a standby crew is available)

    d. Firefighter 2

      1) Pull supply line and connect to hydrant or wait for supply engine

      2) Assist Firefighter 3 with standby safety line

      3) Perform exterior operations such as setting up master streams

    e. Firefighter 3

      1) Assist driver at scene

      2) Assist with standby safety line

      3) Perform exterior operations such as setting up master streams

    f. Comment: With a five-person crew, the officer is required to be part of the attack crew which limits size-up or supervision. The initial attack is limited to one line and exterior operations until the remainder of the crew is available to permit interior entry or activation of additional attack lines. This is probably the minimum crew that should be available to initiate interior operations without having to wait for additional personnel. It should be pointed out, however, that additional personnel and apparatus will be needed to provide relief for the initial attack crew as well as performing other fire scene duties.

  4. At the conclusion of the discussion, open the floor for an interactive discussion of how the members would utilize personnel to perform the various duties based on various staffing levels. Start with the maximum staffing for the piece of apparatus based on available and continue the exercise by eliminating one person for each round. You may want to incorporate the department’s standard operating procedures into the discussion. Consideration may also be given to the priority of the tasks.

  5. Understand that the discussion involves only the first arriving engine. As more units arrive, the duties can be shared with the staffing on those units.