Stopping Unsafe Practices

  INSTRUCTOR GUIDE TOPIC: STOPPING UNSAFE PRACTICES TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FIFTH EDITION, IFSTA; CLOSE CALLS, FIREHOUSE MAGAZINE; FIREFIGHTER FATALITY...


 

INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

TOPIC: STOPPING UNSAFE PRACTICES

TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS

MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS

REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FIFTH EDITION, IFSTA; CLOSE CALLS, FIREHOUSE MAGAZINE; FIREFIGHTER FATALITY STUDIES, UNITED STATES FIRE ADMINISTRATION


PREPARATION:

MOTIVATION: If we in the fire service are to reduce the number of deaths and injuries, we must all take a positive step to reduce or eliminate unsafe practices. Continued following of unsafe practices becomes the norm rather than the exception if action is not taken to correct them.

OBJECTIVE (SPO):

The firefighter will demonstrate a general knowledge of unsafe practices that could take place on the emergency scene and actions that could be taken to prevent future occurrences.

OVERVIEW:

STOPPING UNSAFE PRACTICES

* Identifying Unsafe Actions

* Specific Corrective Actions

* General Corrective Actions

STOPPING UNSAFE PRACTICES

SPO: The firefighter will demonstrate a general knowledge of unsafe practices that could take place on the emergency scene and actions that could be taken to prevent future occurrences.

EO 1-1 Identify various unsafe practices that have taken place on the emergency scene.

EO 1-2 Identify specific actions that could be taken to prevent future occurrences of unsafe practices that have taken place on the emergency scene.

EO 1-3 Identify general actions that could be taken to make the emergency scene safer.

In order to make this drill more meaningful to everyone that participates, it should be conducted as an interactive discussion rather than a lecture. Local examples could be incorporated into the discussion along with additional items over and above those examples identified below. The overall intent is to make the emergency scene a safer place at which to work and to make sure that everyone goes home after the incident.

I. IDENTIFYING UNSAFE PRACTICES (EO 1-1)


A. Personnel not being in good health and physical condition to handle the demands of the profession


B. Firefighters not being seated with a seat belt fastened when the vehicle is in motion


C. Failure to be observant when working around apparatus or on a roadway


D. Attempting to operate with insufficient staffing for the activity or incident


E. Failure to wear personal protective equipment appropriate for the incident


F. Failure to manage the air supply so that there is sufficient to exit to a safe area before the air supply is exhausted


G. Failure to coordinate ventilation with fire attack to prevent unexpected fire spread


H. Failure to establish and maintain an adequate water supply


I. Lack of awareness of other personnel in the area prior to initiating fire attack


J. Using a nozzle incorrectly, e.g., incorrect pattern, incorrect type of nozzle, inadequate flow, or not opening the nozzle completely


K. Failure to recognize fire conditions such as backdraft and flashover


L. Failure to recognize dangerous building conditions such as those that contribute to the spread and intensity of the fire or those that make the building susceptible to collapse


M. Failure to adequately light the scene and the specific work area


N. Improper lifting, carrying, and raising of ground ladders including observation for overhead obstructions and placement on solid surfaces


O. Failure to ventilate early in the incident


P. Failure to be observant when working on the emergency scene


Q. Failure to operate within the incident command system, e.g., accountability, freelancing


R. Not observing safe practices unique to wildland fire incidents


S. Being complacent on automatic alarm or gas leak incidents


T. Failure to properly maintain apparatus and equipment

II. SPECIFIC CORRECTIVE ACTIONS (EO 1-2)


A. Personal Health and Wellness


  1. Stay informed about job-related health issues


  2. Follow recommendations for vaccinations


  3. Use precautions to avoid exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)


  4. Learn proper lifting techniques to avoid muscle strains and other related injuries

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