TOPIC: TRAINING TECHNIQUES
TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS
MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS
REFERENCES: Fire and Emergency Services Instructor, 6th ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association
MOTIVATION: If we are to have a force that is ready to perform when needed, they must be provided current and realistic training. Inadequately or improperly trained personnel present a safety hazard to themselves as well as other on the emergency scene. They also affect the effectiveness of the operation.
The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the principles and techniques for delivering a training program.
* Reinforce Basics
* Train As You Work
SPO: The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the principles and techniques for delivering a training program.
EO 1-1 Describe techniques that can be used to reinforce basic firefighting knowledge and skills.
EO 1-2 Describe the importance of providing training that is consistent with work practices.
This drill is designed for individuals who are responsible for delivering training sessions. This includes officers, instructors, specialists, and senior firefighters. The material in this drill should be delivered in an interactive mode and is not intended to replace any formal instructor training program.
I. REINFORCE BASICS (EO 1-1)
A. Why Reinforce Basics
1. Basic knowledge and skills are what should be used the most
2. Over time, individuals may get sloppy or careless in performing basic skills
3. Individuals may look to cut corners when performing basic skills
4. Individual knowledge may not be current
5. Some basic knowledge and skills may not be used often due to lack of real fires
6. It is the basic knowledge and skills that many times may result in an injury or death
B. What are some of the basic knowledge that need reinforcing
1. Building construction especially changes in construction materials and techniques
2. Fire extension to avoid being trapped by hidden fire
3. Scene safety to avoid contact with downed power lines, being struck by a building collapse, or
accountability to avoid freelancing
4. Donning protective clothing to make sure that as much exposed skin as possible is covered
5. Air management to avoid running out of air before exiting the building
6. Signs of flashover and backdraft to avoid being trapped in a flashover or making entry before
backdraft conditions are relieved
7. Being able to read smoke to better assess fire conditions
8. Ventilation theory to maximize the removal of smoke, heat, and gases in any type of structure
9. Procedures to follow when there is a need for assistance before it is too late
10. Scene lighting placement so that the whole scene is adequately lit and not just the exterior
This list provides some suggested topics for discussion. Personal experiences and past alarms may generate others.
C. What are some of the basic skills that need reinforcing
1. Ground ladder handling and placement
2. Pulling and advancing an attack line on the ground
3. Advancing hose up stairs and ladders
4. Standpipe operations
5. Connecting to hydrants
6. Placement of ventilation equipment
7. Nozzle selection, operation, and stream application
8. Carrying out horizontal and ventilation with hand and power tools
9. Basic forcible entry techniques
10. Basic knot tying and usage
This list provides some suggested skills for practice. Personal experiences and past alarms may generate others. Appendix A contains other basic skills that may need reinforcing. Each of these items should be discussed in relation to recent alarms and areas where improvement in operations could be made.