Firefighter Survival Awareness
Session Reference: 1
Time Required: 3 Hours
· Video Tape Player And Monitor
· Tape Segments of Fires with Firefighter Fatalities
Instructor should make students aware of the importance of being able to take simple measures to survive in a fire situation.
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the importance for knowing personal survival techniques if trapped in a fire situation.
Firefighter Survival Awareness
· Risk management
· Activities to minimize risk
· Personal survival/evacuation
· Firefighter rescue
Firefighter Survival And Rescue
SPO The student will demonstrate an understanding of the importance for knowing personal survival techniques if trapped in a fire situation.
EO 1-1 Identify incidents where firefighter lives have been lost and measures that could be taken to better manage the risk.
EO 1-2 Identify certain systems or activities which are in place to reduce or minimize risk at the fire scene.
EO 1-3 Identify techniques which could be used to escape a fire situation in an emergency.
EO 1-4 Identify techniques which could be used to remove a firefighter who needs assistance.
NOTE: In order to generate additional interest in the program, it is suggested that local policies, procedures, and case studies be utilized, where and when appropriate.
I. Risk Management (1-1)
A. Firefighter Death and Injury Statistics
1. Approximately 100 firefighters lose their lives in the line of duty each year.
2. The leading cause of death is heart attacks.
3. Of the firefighters killed from other than heart attacks, how many could have been prevented?
4. What are some of the common threads involving deaths from other than heart attacks?
B. Recent Incidents Involving Firefighter Deaths
At this point, the instructor should present two or three case studies involving firefighter deaths. If possible, utilize ones that the audience can relate to. Video tape segments from American Heat or Working Fire as well as technical reports from the United States Fire Administration may be helpful in the presentation.
Among the suggested fires that could be considered for discussion are:
1. 750 Adams Avenue, High Rise Apartment House (Memphis TN)
2. Hackensack Ford, Auto Dealership (Hackensack NJ)
3. Brycelyn Street, Single Family Residence (Pittsburgh PA)
4. Cold Storage Warehouse, Commercial Building (Worcester MA)
C. OSHA Regulation 29 CFR 1910.134
1. Federal regulation involving respiratory protection
2. Requires physical evaluation and annual facepiece fitness testing
3. Minimum of two personnel available whenever firefighting team is operating in IDLH environment
4. Rescue team must be ready to rescue firefighting team; should not be performing any other duties
5. Firefighting team may begin search and rescue for known rescue without rescue team being in place
D. NFPA Standard 1500, Chapter 6
1. Minimum of two personnel available whenever firefighting team is operating in IDLH environment
2. Rescue team must be ready to rescue firefighting crew; should not be performing any other duties
3. Firefighting team may begin search and rescue for known rescue without rescue team being in place
E. Concept of Rescue Teams
1. Minimum of two personnel with sufficient training and equipment to perform rescue of other
2. Team should be positioned to be readily available when needed
3. Team should not be performing any other functions such as pump operations or position in ICS
F. Rescue Team Equipment Requirements
1. Portable radio or radios
2. Charged hoseline
3. Forcible entry tools (hand and power)
4. Ladder to reach upper levels
6. Rope bag
7. Spare SCBA for quick-fill or SCBA swap out
8. Other equipment such as a thermal imager as needed and available