Water and Ice Rescue Operations

Water and Ice Rescue Operations Instructor Guide Lesson 1: Water and Ice Rescue Operations Time Required: 3 hours Reading/Other Assignments: None Teaching/Learning Level: 2 Teaching/Learning Aids:    · Chalkboard or...


b. Frazil ice – initial ice crystals

c. Clear ice – strongest! Requires a long, hard freeze

d. Snow ice – milky or opaque, weak

e. Anchor ice – ice around obstructions

f. Drift ice – floating ice

g. Ice strengths – load capabilities based on thickness

  i. 1 inch = stay off!!

  ii. 2 inches = one person

  iii. 3 inches = three cross country skiers

  iv. 4 inches = one ice fisherman

  v. 5 inches = one snowmobile

  vi. 6 inches = ice boating

  vii. 7 inches = group activities

  viii. 8 inches = one automobile

  ix. 9 inches = several snowmobiles

  x. 10+ inches = light truck

 

V. Tactical Considerations

a. Reach

  i. Makeshift aids

  ii. Pike pole

  iii. Ladder

  iv. Inflated hose

  v. Aerial apparatus

b. Throw

  i. Rope throw bag

     1. Up to 60’ can be thrown, recovered and throw again

  ii. Rescue disc

     1. Similar to throw bag

     2. Requires less skill to deploy

  iii. Line gun

     1. Distances exceeding 60’ require line gun

  iv. These methods depend on the victim’s ability to hold on. The effects of hypothermia and the added

       weight of wet clothing may prevent the victim from holding on or even following instructions.

c. Row

  i. Often omitted by F.D. personnel do to unavailability

  ii. Don’t overload vessel

  iii. Use motorized craft if available

  iv. Inflatable boats

d. Go

  i. Used for all victims who are confused and cannot assist themselves

  ii. One man rescue

      1. Rescuer wears exposure suit with tether

      2. Keep low center of gravity if on ice

      3. Float on back if in water using hands to paddle

      4. During victim approach, roll while holding tether above your head

      5. Attach line to victim by reaching leash around victim and clipping into main line with non-locking

          carabiner

      6. Tap top of head to signal “OK” and to begin recovery

      7. Rescuer and victim are pulled back to shore together

 

VI. Water/Ice Rescue Equipment

a. Allow students to familiarize themselves with equipment available at the drill location

 

VII. Practical Exercises

Evolution #1 – 1 hour

a. Arrange for time at a local pool in advance of the class

b. Assign students in teams of three

c. Anyone operating within 10’ of the water must wear a Coast Guard approved Type II or Type III personal floatation device

d. Using an assortment of equipment appropriate for this exercise, allow the students to practice “reach” and “throw” techniques.

Evolution #2 – 1 hour

a. Arrange for time at a local pool in advance of the class

b. Assign students in teams of three

c. Anyone operating within 10’ of the water must wear a Coast Guard approved Type II or Type II personal floatation device

d. Allow each student to don the exposure suit and participate in a victim rescue

 

Summary:

Lesson 1: Water and Ice Rescue Operations

Student Performance Objective (SPO):

Given information on water/ice rescue situations, the student will be able to identify, discuss and demonstrate the basic requirements for handling water and ice rescue emergencies. The student will meet the performance requirements for OPM 60.

 

Review/Main Points:

   · Last Point Seen

   · Interviews

   · Water Temperature

   · Tactics

   · Equipment

 

Evaluation:

Oral Review:

Under each review point, recall and list three features from the discussion or list steps or safety features of each skill.

Other Evaluation:

The student will be evaluated through a skills proficiency checklist during the practical exercises.

Assignment: None