Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters Session Reference: 1 Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Variety of Fire Prevention Literature References:    • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, Chapter 19...


Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

Session Reference: 1

Time Required: Two Hours

Materials:

   • Variety of Fire Prevention Literature

References:

   • Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, Chapter 19

 

PREPARATION:

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): (1-1)

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of fire prevention, how to present a public fire safety education program, how to conduct a residential fire safety inspection, and how to present a fire survival program as part of a public fire safety education program.

Overview:

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

   • Elements of a fire prevention program

   • Public fire safety education

   • Home fire safety survey

   • Fire survival

 

Session 1

Teaching Fire Prevention to Firefighters

SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of fire prevention, how to present a public fire safety education program, how to conduct a residential fire safety inspection, and how to present a fire survival program as part of a public fire safety education program.

EO 1-1 Describe the need for a fire prevention program and the elements that make up a program.

EO 1-2 Demonstrate the components of a public fire safety education program by developing and delivering a program to a non-fire department.

EO 1-3 Demonstrate a knowledge of home fire safety by conducting a residential fire safety survey.

EO 1-4 Demonstrate the components of a fire survival program by developing and delivering a fire survival education program to a non-fire department group.

Instructor Guide

NOTE: This drill is designed to review the points of a fire prevention program so that the members of a department can use then develop a program to meet the needs of the department and their community. During the course of firefighter training, too little time is spent on fire prevention, which is a responsibility and continuing duty of every member of the fire service. This drill is focused on provide residential fire safety utilizing firefighting personnel. It is intended that the personnel involved have only a general knowledge of fire codes and a better knowledge of good fire safety practices.

I. Elements of a Fire Prevention Program (1-1)

A. Definitions

  1. Fire prevention - preventing a fire from starting through a program of public fire safety education

      and prevention measures. It can also include fire safety inspections, fire code inspections, and fire

      code enforcement

  2. Fire survival - actions taken to survive a fire. This generally includes items such as smoke detectors

      and programs that include stop, drop, and roll; and exit drills in the home.

B. Determining need

  1. Analyze fire and response data to ascertain the fire problem in the community

  2. Analyze the population of the community and compare it with information on the likelihood of fire in

      various population segments, i.e., elderly, low-income, minority groups, young children, etc.

  3. Identify unique problems with certain areas such as assisted-living or older structures

  4. Assess information sources such as the National Fire Incident Reporting System to identify causes

      of fire

C. Developing a program

  1. Based on data analysis and knowledge of the community

  2. Target specific hazard areas

  3. Enlist others to assist, i.e., civic groups, senior citizen groups, scouting organizations

  4. Establish a goals, objectives, and milestones

  5. Lay out the program

  6. Identify means of measuring results

  7. Take advantage of available resources such as the United States Fire Administration, the National

      Fire Protection Association, insurance companies, and marketing and advertising agencies

  8. While targeting specific audiences, do not overlook general fire prevention needs

D. Implement the program

  1. Press releases and media exposure to introduce the program and provide updates

  2. Community visits (schools, meetings, etc.)

  3. Involve celebrities if possible

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