Hazardous Materials Operations - Local Option

Drill: Hazardous Materials Operations - Local Option Session Reference: 1 Topic: Hazardous Materials Local Operations Time Required: Three Hours Materials:    *Hazardous Materials Response Unit    *Various Level A and...


Drill: Hazardous Materials Operations - Local Option

Session Reference: 1

Topic: Hazardous Materials Local Operations

Time Required: Three Hours

Materials:

   *Hazardous Materials Response Unit

   *Various Level A and Level B Suits

   *Decontamination Equipment

   *Chalkboard

References:

   *Frederick County Hazardous Incident Response Team Standard Operating Procedures

   *Frederick County Incident Command System

Preparation:

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): 1-1

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of assistance activities and support to the hazardous materials team by applying

the information covered in practical activities.

Overview:

Hazardous Materials Local Operations

   * Describe responsibilities prior to arrival of team

   * Describe responsibilities upon arrival of team

   * Demonstrate setting and operating decontamination station

   * Demonstrate assisting donning chemical protective clothing

Session 1 Hazardous Materials Local Operations

SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of assistance activities and support to the hazardous materials team by applying the information covered in practical activities.

1 - 1 Describe the responsibilities of on scene personnel at a hazardous materials incident prior to the arrival of the hazardous materials team.

1 - 2 Describe the responsibilities of on scene personnel at a hazardous materials incident upon the arrival of the hazardous materials team.

1 - 3 Demonstrate setting and operating a decontamination station in support of a hazardous materials team.

1 - 4 Demonstrate assisting a member of a hazardous materials team to don chemical protective clothing.

NOTE: This material is intended to be taught following the Hazardous Materials Operations Course offered by the Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute. It can, however, also be used as a local Hazardous Materials Operations Refresher Drill.

I. Responsibilities Prior to Team Arrival (1-1)

A. Keep all personnel a safe distance from the hazard and do not permit any operations to take place which are beyond their capabilities (training and equipment)

B. Initiate incident command system and appoint scene safety officer

C. Maintain control over all emergency responders and civilians

D. Attempt to identify the problem

  1. Product leaking or spilled

  2. Form of product - solid, liquid, or vapor

  3. Hazard of product - flammable, corrosive, or reactivity

  4. Identification of product(s) - identification numbers, shipping papers, placards or labels, container

       types or shape, type of occupancy, knowledgeable individual(s), pre-incident information

  5. Type of container - transportation (non-pressurized or pressurized), fixed or stationery

      (non-pressurized or pressurized) bag, box, drum, glass container, pail

  6. Metering for combustibility - LEL

  7. Other product information

E. Attempt to assess the risk

  1. Reference materials – DOT Emergency Response Guide

  2. Exposures - human, animal, structural, environmental

  3. Resource available – staffing, apparatus, equipment, technical specialists

  4. What already happened

  5. What is likely to happen

F. Defensive measures

  1. Establish the hot, warm, and cold zones

  2. Control access to scene

  3. Control and containment - diking, vapor suppression, container cooling, pooling

  4. Evacuate people in immediate danger

  5. Protect exposures

 

II. Responsibilities Upon Team Arrival (1-2)

A. Share problem and risk information

B. Explain actions taken

C. Determine appropriate course of action

  1. No further fire department action required

  2. Maintain current defensive action

  3. Evacuate to safe distance

  4. Initiate offensive action

      a. Provide fire suppression support to team

      b. Provide medical support to team

      c. Provide personnel support for decontamination and donning chemical protective clothing

      d. Provide personnel to assist with metering

      e. Maintain liaison with incident commander

 

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