Structural Firefighting Review: Fire Attack
Session Reference: 1
Topic: Fire Attack
Level of Instruction: 3.0
Time Required: 3 Hours
• Personal Protective Clothing
• Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) Device
• Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
• Burn Building with fuel
• Two water sources
• One or two class A pumpers (fully equipped)
• Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, IFSTA, Chapter 14
• NFPA 1500 and 1403
• 29 CFR 1910.134
The student will demonstrate, working as part of a team, their ability to advance charged hoselines into a structure and attack an interior fire, all done while demonstrating generally accepted safety practices.
• Hoseline operations
• Location of fire
• Fire Attack
• Back up teams
SPO The student will demonstrate, working as part of a team, their ability to advance charged hoselines into a structure and attack an interior fire, all done while demonstrating generally-accepted safety practices.
EO 1-1 Demonstrate approaching and observing live fire as an exercise in interior structural firefighting (NFPA 1001 (1997) 3-3.9).
EO 1-2 Demonstrate the recognition of smoke, flame, and steam production in a live fire situation (NFPA 1001 (1997) 3-3.9).
EO 1-3 Demonstrate a gaining of confidence in the use of self-contained breathing apparatus in a smoke and heat environment (NFPA 1001 (1997) 3-3.9).
EO 1-4 Demonstrate an understanding of individual physical and emotional limits (NFPA 1001 (1997) 3-3.9).
I. Student Pre-Requisites
A. Verification by the lead instructor of completion of personal protective clothing and positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus training. This can be done by inspection of a pocket card or verbal verification by the ranking officer of the department present at the class.
B. Certification by the student that they are in good health and physical condition. This can be done by verbal questioning.
C. Full protective clothing including a helmet with ear protection and a suspension system, turnout coat and pants with vapor barrier and protective liner, boots with steel toes and insoles, fire retardant leather gloves, and fire retardant hood. All protective clothing shall be clean and in good condition. Nomex or PBI coats and pants and non-metallic helmets are recommended. Nylon quilted liners in coats or pants or plastic or rubber covered gloves will not be permitted. It is recommended that long pants and long sleeve shirts, both of cotton, be worn under the protective clothing to reduce the possibility of steam burns.
D. Each student will have a positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus and a personal alert safety system (PASS) in place as part of their protective clothing prior to entering the structure. Both items will be activated at all times while in the structure.
II. Instructional Procedures
A. Brief introduction of all instructors participating in the evolution.
B. Appointment and introduction of the safety officer who shall be responsible for the overall safety of the training activity. This role may be assumed by the lead instructor provided he/she is not participating in the instruction or an officer from one of the departments participating.
C. General briefing of what is being covered and the educational objectives.
D. Walk-through of the structure and pointing out of burn areas and means of egress.
E. General safety precautions including staying out of openings, opening and closing nozzles at the direction of the instructor, hose handling entering and exiting the structure, staying low, staying dry, and accounting for all crew members at all times. The students will also be advised of the general evacuation signal.
F. The instructional cadre should consist of a lead instructor and at least four other instructors. In addition to the instructors, two individuals will be needed to stoke the fires.