EMTB Bleeding Control Drill
Session Reference: 1
Topic: Bleeding and Blood Loss
Level of Instruction: 3
Time Required: 3 hours
• Cardiovascular system handouts
• Cardiovascular system visuals
• B/P cuff and stethoscope
• Assorted sterile dressings
• Assorted bandage materials
• Emergency Care, 8th Edition, Brady
• Paramedic Emergency Care, 3rd Edition, Brady
• Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, 7th Edition, Jones and Bartlett
Soft tissue injuries are among the most common injuries encountered in the field. An understanding of the underlying anatomy and physiology, quick recognition and rapid, efficient treatment are important to the successful recovery from these injuries.
Objective (SPO): 1-1
The student will be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, the components of blood, the vascular system and the effect of blood loss on the body.
Review of the Vascular System Components and Functions
• Solid and Liquid Components of Blood
• Function of the Blood Supply
• Vascular System Anatomy and Physiology
• Effects of Blood Loss
• External Bleeding
• Internal Bleeding
Session 1 Bleeding and Blood Loss
SPO 1-1 The student will be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, the components of blood, the vascular system and the effects of blood loss on the body.
1-1 Describe the solid and liquid components of blood.
1-2 Describe the functions of the blood supply.
1-3 Describe the vascular system anatomy and physiology.
1-4 Describe the effects of blood loss on the body.
1-5 Identify the signs of external bleeding and demonstrate its control.
1-6 Identify the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding and demonstrate its treatment.
I. Components of Blood (1-1)
A. Solid Components
1. Red blood cells/erythrocytes
a. comprise approximately 45% of blood volume
b. comprise approximately 99% of all blood solids
c. gives blood color
d. produced in bone marrow
e. combines with hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the cells
2. White blood cells/leukocytes
a. destroys microorganisms (germs)
b. produces antigens to help resist infections
c. larger than red blood cells
d. combine with platelets to make up approximately 1% of blood volume
a. helps blood coagulate or clot
b. smaller that red blood cells
B. Liquid Components
a. watery, salty fluid
b. 92% is water
c. 6 - 7% is protein
d. remaining 1 - 2%
4) clotting factors
e. comprise approximately 54% of the blood volume
II. Functions of Blood
A. Transportation of gasses
2. Carbon dioxide
6. Body temperature
III. Vascular System (1-3)
a. carry oxygenated blood away from the heart
1) exception is pulmonary artery
b. high pressure
c. thick, muscular walls
d. dilate/constrict depending on need for oxygen or nutrients
e. major arteries
5) posterior tibial
6) dorsalis pedis
a. smallest branches connecting the arteries to the capillaries