EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations Instructor Guide Session Reference: 1 Level of Instruction: Time Required: Two Hours Materials:    • Audio-visual equipment to project any visuals    • 2000 Emergency...


EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

Instructor Guide

Session Reference: 1

Level of Instruction:

Time Required: Two Hours

Materials:

   • Audio-visual equipment to project any visuals

   • 2000 Emergency Response Guidebook

References:

   • Hazardous Materials Operations, Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute

   • Emergency Care, Eighth Edition, Brady

   • 2000 Emergency Response Guide, U.S. Department of Transportation

PREPARATION:

Motivation:

Objective (SPO): 1-1

The student will demonstrate a better understanding of hazardous materials emergencies and the roles and responsibilities of emergency medical services personnel at them.

Overview:

EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

   • Relationships

   • Recognition and Identification

   • Emergency Response Guidebook

   • Roles and Responsibilities

Session 1 EMS and Hazardous Materials Operations

SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a better understanding of hazardous materials emergencies and the roles and responsibilities of emergency medical services personnel at them.

EO 1-1 Identify the relationship between a hazardous material emergency and the emergency medical services.

EO 1-2 Identify the presence of a hazardous material utilizing various means of recognition and identification.

EO 1-3 Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the U.S. Department of Transportation Emergency Response Guidebook and how to use it at a hazardous materials incident.

EO 1-4 Identify the duties that EMS personnel may be expected to perform at a hazardous materials incident.

This drill is designed to make emergency medical services personnel more aware of the potential that hazardous materials may be involved in any medical emergency to which they respond and the importance of recognizing the presence of a hazardous material so that they do not become victims. It is assumed that the emergency medical services personnel have the knowledge, skills, and equipment to provide the emergency medical care that may be required.

 

I. Relationships (1-1)

A. Training Guidelines in OSHA Regulations (29 CFR 1910.120q)

            NOTE: Hazardous materials training is the only emergency response training that is required by

                         law.

  1. First Responder Awareness Level

      a. Recognize potential incident

      b. Call for assistance and standby

      c. Take no further action

      d. Not part of emergency response

  2. First Responder Operations Level

      a. Defensive operations - outside release area

      b. Damning, diking, decon assistance

      c. Dispatched as part of initial response

  3. Technician Level

      a. Offensive operations

      b. Perform duties if properly equipped, trained, protected, and with backup personnel

      c. Usually member of hazmat team

  4. Specialist Level

      a. Enhanced or specialized training

  5. Incident Commander Level

      a. Trained to operations level

      b. Background in ICS

B. Potential for Involvement

  1. Responding to an EMS alarm where hazardous materials may cause the victim to become sick or

      injured

      a. Many hazardous materials emergencies are initially dispatched as a person down or person sick

      b. EMS personnel may be in the area of immediate release before realizing it

      c. Remember to make sure that the scene is safe

  2. Attempted suicide

      a. Carbon monoxide

      b. Asphyxiation by gas - may also create an explosive atmosphere

  3. Responding to a motor vehicle accident where one of the vehicles involved may be transporting

      hazardous materials

      a. Material may have released prior to arrival

      b. Material may be releasing while approaching the scene

      c. Material may release while patient care is being provided

  4. Returning from an alarm and observing a hazardous materials release

  5. Responding to a civil disturbance where hazardous materials may be used

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