Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute
Drill of the Month – March 2002
Topic: EMT-B Pharmacology
Time Required: Three Hours
· Oxygen delivery system
· Oral glucose
· Activated charcoal
· Sample medication containers
· Inhaler trainer/simulator
· Epinephrine auto injector trainer/simulator
· Emergency Care, 9th Edition, Brady
· Emergency Care of the Sick and Injured, 8th Edition, Jones and Bartlett
· Maryland Medical Protocols for Emergency Services Providers, January 1, 2002, Maryland
Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems
Unknown medical problems make up a large percentage of EMS responses. An understanding of these conditions, quick recognition and rapid, efficient administration of appropriate medications are important to the successful recovery of the patient.
Objective (SPO): 1-1
The student will be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, common medical conditions encountered by EMT-Bs, the medications used to treat them and the proper administration of these medications, in accordance with the appropriate medical protocols.
· General Pharmacology and Terminology
· Medication Names
· Routes of Administration
· Medication Forms
· Medications on Ambulances
· Prescribed Medications
SPO 1-1 The student will be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, common medical conditions encountered by EMT-Bs, the medications used to treat them and the proper administration of these medications, in accordance with the appropriate medical protocols.
1-1 Describe the components and terminology of general pharmacology.
1-2 Describe the names of medications.
1-3 Describe the routes of administration for medications.
1-4 Describe the forms of medications.
1-5 Describe the medications carried on ambulances and demonstrate proper administration techniques.
1-6 Describe prescribed medications commonly carried by patients and demonstrate proper administration techniques.
Instructor Guide Instructor Notes
I. Components and Terminology (1-1)
1. Study of the characteristics and effects of medications
a. chemical substance
b. used to treat or prevent disease
c. used to relieve pain
a. used interchangeably for medication
b. sounds “illegal” or “illicit”
c. refrain from using when interviewing patient or family
a. amount of medication given
b. depends upon patient’s age and size
c. depends upon the desired action
a. therapeutic effect that is expected
1) nitroglycerin dilates blood vessels
a. therapeutic uses for a medication
b. specific signs or circumstances when it is appropriate to administer the medication
a. specific signs or circumstances when it is NOT appropriate to administer the medication
b. may harm the patient
c. would have no positive effect on the patient’s condition
8. Side effects
a. any action other than the desired one
b. may occur even if administered properly
c. also known as adverse effects
II. Medication Names (1-2)
A. Trade Name
1. Brand name given by the manufacturer
2. Medication may have many trade names