Victim Removal

There may be occasions when the victim is found in an area above or below the ground level and equipment and apparatus not normally used for that purpose have to be placed in service. It is important that firefighters know how to use the techniques and...


 

II. VERTICAL LOWERING TECHNIQUES (1-2)

NOTE: For any patient movement that involves above or below ground operations, plastic stokes baskets should not be used. Eye protection as well as other necessary protective measure should be taken for the victim.

 

  • Ladder Systems
    • Ladder slide
      • Raise ladder with no more than one rung above window or roof edge and secure at tip if possible
      • Prepare basket, SKED, or reeves sleeve for vertical lowering
      • Connect lowering line to a mechanical advantage system or descent control device if needed
      • Place a second rescuer on the ladder to receive the victim
      • Place the basket, SKED, or reeves sleeve on the ladder
      • Lower the victim slowly watching to make sure that the packing device does not get caught on the ladder rungs
      • If an aerial ladder is used, short poles can be placed on the ladder rails and the basket allowed to slide on them
    • Ladder gin
      • Construct a ladder gin as described previously
      • Prepare the basket, SKED, or reeves sleeve for horizontal lowering
      • Attach a mechanical advantage system
      • Raise or lower the victim slowly
      • Once the victim is at ground level, pull the packaging device to one side as the rope system is being lowered
    • Ladder sheerlegs
      • Construct ladder sheerlegs as described previously
      • Prepare the basket, SKED, or reeves sleeve for horizontal lowering
      • Attach a mechanical advantage system
      • Lower victim slowly
      • Once the victim is out of the opening, pull the packaging device to one side as the rope system is being lowered
    • Aerial device fixed anchor point
      • Attach a sling or piece of webbing in a loop to the ladder by going around the beams with ends passing over a rung
      • Connect the two bights using a carabiner
      • Pass the rope through a pulley and attach the pulley to the carabiner
      • Attach a sling or piece of webbing in a loop to a rung near the bottom of the ladder on the underside
      • Pass the rope through a pulley and connect the pulley to the sling/loop (change of direction pulley)
      • Construct a mechanical advantage system
    • Aerial ladder moveable anchor
      • Place a hose or rope roller over tip of ladder and secure it
      • Pass the rope over the roller and down the ladder to the turntable
      • Attach a piece of webbing in a loop or a sling to the bottom rung
      • Attach a carabiner to the webbing
      • Pass the rope through a figure eight and connect the figure eight to the carabiner (this allows the rope to be adjusted easily)
      • Remove all slack from the rope
      • Extend and retract the ladder as needed to raise or lower the victim
      • Rotate the turntable as needed
    • Elevated/articulated platform
      • Attach a sling or piece of webbing in a loop to the underside of the platform using eyes that should be there
      • Connect the two bights together using a carabiner
      • Pass the rope through the pulley and connect the pulley to the bights using a carabiner
      • Attach a sling or piece of webbing in a loop near the turntable
      • Pass the rope through a pulley and attach the pulley to the sling or piece of webbing using a carabiner (change of direction)
      • Construct a mechanical advantage system

 

III. OVERLAND VICTIM REMOVAL (1-3)