Changing The Fire Service Culture

TOPIC: CHANGING THE FIRE SERVICE CULTURE TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES:Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association.


         such as pure wool or cotton or flame-resistant fabrics such as Nomex, Flamex, or PBI and

         Kevlar

     c. Basic elements of station/work uniform are shirts, trousers, and coveralls

     d. Department should emphasize to fire department members that underwear and socks made of

         synthetic fibers can contribute to burns if primary protective garment is severely damaged

     e. Because NFPA 1500 requires that fire departments provide for cleaning of station/work

         uniforms, department should include cleaning and inspection instructions in protective clothing

         program

     f. If uniforms are cleaned in department-provided clothes washers, washers must be dedicated

        solely to cleaning of these items

     g. If garments are made of natural fibers, they can remain in use as long as they retain a uniform

         appearance and have no physical damage due to burns, tears, or rips

     h. Longevity of garments with chemically added fire-resistant properties is based on number of

         washings which is usually about 100 times

     i. Requirements for different types of work shoes can be found in ANSI Standard Z41

     j. OSHA requirements can be found in Title 29 CFR 1910.136

   D. Personal Protective Devices

     1. PASS Device

       a. Provides an audible alert tone as well as a visible warning light in event wearer is incapacitated

           and wearer needs assistance

       b. Unit activates when wearer remains motionless for 30 seconds

       c. Units currently take two forms: units that attach to protective clothing and must be turned on

            manually and units that are integrated into SCBA and are turned on when air is flowing through

            system

       d. According to NFPA 1500, PASS devices must be tested at least weekly and before each use

       e. Most units require maintenance by manufacturer; therefore, department should maintain spare

           replacement units NOTE: Part of the maintenance program should be the regular replacement of

           batteries in PASS devices

       f. Design and testing criteria of PASS devices are found in NFPA 1982, Standard on Personal

          Alert Safety Systems (PASS)

     2. Life-Safety Harnesses

       a. According to NFPA 1983, life-safety harnesses include harness assemblies that are used to

           support people during rescue operations

       b. Standard divides life-safety harnesses into three categories:

         1) Class I - Harness that fastens around waist and around thighs or under buttocks and is

              designed to support weight of one person on a ladder or emergency escape; designed to

               support 300 pounds of weight

         2) Class II - Harness that fastens around waist and around thighs or under buttocks and is

              designed to support weight of two persons during rescue; designed to support 600 pounds of

               weight

         3) Class Ill - Harness that fastens around waist, around thighs or under buttocks, and over

              shoulders, designed for two persons during rescue and where inverting is possible; designed

               to support 600 pounds of weight

       c. Life-safety harnesses must be inventoried (with individual serial numbers), inspected and tested

           periodically, and stored in a manner that prevents damage to them

       d. Cleaning and repair should conform to manufacturer's instructions

     3. Eye Protection

       a. Eye and face protection required by NFPA 1500 must be appropriate to hazard to which

           employee is exposed and must meet requirements found in ANSI Z87.1, Practice for

           Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection

       b. Protection includes