Changing The Fire Service Culture

TOPIC: CHANGING THE FIRE SERVICE CULTURE TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES:Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association.


         1) SCBA full facepiece - Designed to protect respiratory system, eyes, and mucus membranes

         2) Helmet-mounted faceshield - Provides limited protection to eyes from flying debris

         3) Safety glasses - Provides limited protection to eyes from flying debris

         4) Helmet-mounted safety goggles - Provides full protection to eyes from flying debris and

             chemical splash

         5) Eye protection for welding/cuffing - Provides protection to eyes from ultraviolet rays and flying

             debris found in welding/cutting process

     4. Hearing Protection

       a. Sources of noise are audible warning devices on apparatus, apparatus engine and pump

           operations, power-operated tools and equipment (such as radios, lawn mowers, and chain

            saws), and emergency scene itself

       b. NFPA 1500 requires that hearing protection be provided anytime ambient noise level exceeds

           90 decibel (dB)

       c. Goal of program is to identify various sources of noise in workplace and reduce or eliminate the

           hazard

       d. As part of health and wellness program's annual medical evaluations, hearing tests must be given

           to all members

       e. Hearing protection takes form of apparatus-mounted radio communication headsets, earmuffs,

           or single-use or reusable earplugs

   E. Auxiliary Safety Equipment

     1. Life-Safety Rope

       a. Life-safety rope is used strictly for supporting weight of firefighters and/or victims during fire

           fighting, rescue, or training operations

       b. Guidelines for use, storage, cleaning, inspecting, and disposal of life-safety rope must be

            included in department's policy and procedures manual or standard operating procedures

            manual

       c. Rope that fails test or has been used for any purpose other than life safety must be removed

           from service as life safety rope and destroyed or used in another capacity

     2. Life-Safety Rope System Components

       a. Life-safety rope system components include carabineers, ascent and descent devices, rings,

           snap-links, pulleys, blocks and tackles, and other devices used with rescue rope

       b. NFPA 1983 provides requirements for this equipment

       c. Guidelines for inspection, care, maintenance, use, and testing are same as those for life-safety

            harness and ropes

   F. Miscellaneous Safety-Related Apparel

     1. Water Rescue

       a. Protection includes head protection in form of a hard hat or helmet, eye protection, gloves,

           safety harness, and personal flotation device (PFD)

       b. U.S. Coast Guard regulates type and style of personal flotation devices used

       c. Personal flotation devices, like rest of safety equipment, must be inspected regularly, maintained,

           and removed from service at end of its manufacturer's recommended life span

     2. Highway Operations

       a. Firefighters responding to vehicle incidents, fires, medical emergencies, and hazardous materials

           operations on nation's highways are in double jeopardy

         1) There is inherent danger from incident itself

         2) Firefighters become potential targets for vehicles that are passing incident

       b. Department must establish operational protocol for highway operations that reduces risk to

           responders

         1) Protocol includes proper positioning of apparatus and requiring responders to wear garments

              with reflective trim

         2) Reflective trim is required on all structural protective clothing currently manufactured

         3) When clothing is not in use at highway incidents, lightweight safety vests with reflective trim