Duty And Responsibility To Act Safely

TOPIC: DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS REFERENCES: Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Essentials of Fire...


TOPIC: DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY

TIME REQUIRED: TWO HOURS

MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS

REFERENCES: Fire Department Safety Officer, 1st ed., International Fire Service Training Association; Essentials of Fire Fighting, 4th ed., International Fire Service Training Association

PREPARATION:

MOTIVATION: Safety is everyone’s responsibility and not just that of the officers. If an unsafe is observed or about to take place, it should be made known so that the work environment can be made safer.

OBJECTIVE (SPO):

The firefighter will demonstrate a general knowledge of safe practices at the station and at the emergency scene.

OVERVIEW:

DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY

   * Regulations and Standards

   * Scene Safety

   * Standard Operating Procedures

DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT SAFELY

SPO: The firefighter will demonstrate a general knowledge of safe practices at the station and at the emergency scene.

EO 1-1 List some of the laws, regulations, and standards that apply to making the fire service a safer place in which to operate. EO 1-2 Identify various practices that contribute to an unsafe emergency scene.

EO 1-3 Identify elements of standard operating procedures that can improve safety in the station and at the emergency scene.

This drill should be conducted as an interactive discussion to increase safety awareness among all in attendance. Everyone should be empowered to take action to reduce or eliminate unsafe practices and procedures.

NOTE: The term “employee” is used many places in this guide because it is used in the respective laws. It is intended to refer to both career and volunteer members of the fire and rescue service.

I. REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS (EO 1-1)

A. Occupational Safety and Health Act (PL 91-596) Signed into Law in 1970

  1. Instructed Secretary of Labor to promulgate mandatory occupational safety and health standards

  2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) created in Department of Labor

  3. Section 5(b) of the Act required all employees to comply with the "standards, rules, regulations, 

      and orders issued pursuant to this Act"

B. Requirements of Employers Covered under OSHA Regulations

  1. Furnish each employee a place of employment free from recognized hazards that would cause or

      likely to cause death or serious physical harm

  2. Comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under PL 91-596

  3. Fire service required to comply with all applicable OSHA regulations published in Title 29, Code

      of Federal Regulations (CFR), or equivalent regulations issued by state government that elect to

      assume responsibility for the development of standards and enforcement (MARYLAND IS AN

      OSHA STATE)

  4. Although 29 CFR 1910, Subpart L, Fire Protection Industrial Fire Brigades, did not apply directly

      to municipal fire departments or fire protection districts, it contained applicable requirements for fire

      service

  5. 29 CFR 1910.1200 hazard communication standard

  6. Fire departments covered by numerous other applicable regulations

      a. General industry standard (29 CFR 1910)

      b. Parts of construction standard (29 CFR 1926), in particular Subpart P on excavations (trench

          rescue)

  7. In years since adoption of 29 CFR 1910, requirements have increased with mandates

      a. Hazardous materials mitigation (29 CFR 1910.120) which includes a requirement for an incident

          management system

      b. Confined space entry (29 CFR 1910.146)

      c. Increased respiratory protection (29 CFR 1910.134) which includes the two-in/two-out

          requirement

     d. Infection control, identification, and notification (29 CFR 1910.1030)

C. NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program Published in 1987 to meet mandates of Federal hovernment

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