Back To Basics: Effective Forcible Entry

TOPIC: BACK TO BASICS: EFFECTIVE FORCIBLE ENTRY TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS MATERIALS: ASSORTMENT OF HAND TOOLS AND POWER SAWS, ACQUIRED STRUCTURE OR FORCIBLE ENTRY PROPS, REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FOURTH EDITION, IFSTA...


TOPIC: BACK TO BASICS: EFFECTIVE FORCIBLE ENTRY

TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS

MATERIALS: ASSORTMENT OF HAND TOOLS AND POWER SAWS, ACQUIRED STRUCTURE OR FORCIBLE ENTRY PROPS,

REFERENCES: ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, FOURTH EDITION, IFSTA, CHAPTER 6

PREPARATION:

MOTIVATION: Efficient and effective forcible, when needed, can expedite making a rescue or controlling the fire. The time spent in making entry can directly affect the spread and intensity of the fire. With citizens becoming increasingly security conscious, knowledge and expertise in forcible entry are necessary to reach the victim and the fire quickly.

OBJECTIVE (SPO): The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of forcible entry tools and techniques by applying the material in a practical setting.

OVERVIEW:

Effective Forcible Entry

   * Entry through doors

   * Entry through windows

   * Entry through walls, ceilings, and floors

   * Entry through doors and windows (practical)

EFFECTIVE FORCIBLE ENTRY

SPO The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of forcible entry tools and techniques by applying the material in a practical setting.

EO 1-1 Describe the techniques to force entry through various wood and metal doors.

EO 1-2 Describe the techniques to force entry through various windows.

EO 1-3 Describe the techniques to force entry through various walls, ceilings, and floors.

EO 1-4 Demonstrate the proper use of various hand and power tools to force entry through various doors and windows.

The purpose of this drill is to review and build on basic skills with the emphasis on improving efficiency and teamwork. It is assumed that the participants have some basic knowledge of the efficiency and teamwork. It is assumed that the participants have some basic knowledge of the subject matter. The focus of the drill should include personal and team safety. The drill should include minimal instruction and maximum skills practice. The drill should also be conducted with the normal staffing that would respond on an engine, truck, or squad on a structure assignment.

I. ENTRY THROUGH DOORS (1-1)

A. When and Where to Enter

  1. Rescue requires immediate ventilation to remove smoke and heat and decrease danger to victims

  2. Firefighting ventilation can be delayed until hoselines are ready

B. Basic Door Construction

  1. Made of metal or wood

  2. May be single doors or double doors

  3. May be solid or lighted (with glass)

  4. May be exterior (heavier and solid) or interior (lighter and hollow core)

  5. Operate on hinges set in a frame of metal or wood

  6. The stop on the door frame that is part of the frame is the jamb (usually metal frames)

  7. The stop on the door frame that is attached to the frame is the stop (usually wood frames)

  8. Either open in (hinges on inside) or open out (hinges on outside)

C. Locking Devices in General Usage

  1. Mortise lock - positioned in edge of door with keyway and opening device separate

  2. Bore (cylinder) - keyway in door knob

  3. Rim - lock mounted on back of door with cylinder through door

  4. Adams-Rite – form of mortise lock used on commercial doors with metal frames and glass

D. Entry Through Doors

NOTE: When forcing doors containing glass, there is always the possibility that the force will cause the glass to break. Proper protective clothing including eye protection must be used when forcible doors.

  1. Wooden doors

       a. May have mortise or cylinder locks

       b. May also have rim lock as secondary locking mechanism

       c. Double doors may have one door bolted at the top and bottom with the other door locked to it

       d. May have center panels which can be broken out for entry or opening door

       e. May have hinges exposed that can be removed

       f. Can be cut with an axe

  2. Steel doors

      a. Before attempting to force, checked for exposed locks or hinges

      b. If lock can be seen, drive pry tool between door and frame and force open

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