The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of strategy and tactics and their application on a structural fire incident.
Session Reference: 1
Topic: Basic Strategy And Tactics
Level of Instruction: N/A
Time Required: 3 Hours
• Appropriate audio visual materials
• Fire Department Company Officer, 3rd Edition, IFSTA
• Chief Officer, 1st Edition, IFSTA
• Fireground Tactics, Emanuel Fried, H., Marvin Ginn Corporation
• Fire Attack 1 & 2, Warren Y. Kimball, NFPA
• Firefighting Tactics, Lloyd Layman, NFPA
• NFPA 1410, Standard on Training For Initial Emergency Scene Operations (2000 Edition)
Motivation: Initially employed strategy and tactics set the tone for the entire incident and can be the roadmap for a successful or unsuccessful outcome. Underlying any strategic plan or tactical decisions must be the safety of operating personnel. The quality of the effort is irrelevant if there is a serious firefighter injury or a firefighter fatality.
Objective (SPO): The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of strategy and tactics and their application on a structural fire incident.
Overview: Basic Strategy And Tactics
• Fire Attack
• Support Services
Instructors Notes: This drill is designed to address overall emergency scene planning and deployment of resources. While it does address specific tactics or tasks to be accomplished, it does not address the skills required to perform those tasks. Individuals participating in the drill should have some knowledge of what is required to perform the skills.
Basic Strategy And Tactics
SPO 1-1 The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of strategy and tactics and their application on a structural fire incident.
EO 1-1 Demonstrate an understanding of the terms strategy and tactics and how they are applied to a structural fire incident.
EO 1-2 Demonstrate an understanding of the priorities that are used to develop a strategic plan make tactical decisions at a structural fire incident.
EO 1-3 Demonstrate an understanding of the resources needed to successfully suppress a fire in a structure.
EO 1-4 Demonstrate an understanding of the fire attack requirements to successfully suppress a structure fire.
EO 1-5 Demonstrate an understanding of the support services needed to support a structural fire attack.
I. INTRODUCTION (EO 1-1)
• Strategy - an overall plan for controlling an incident or situation and describing how, in general terms, the operation will be conducted
• Tactics - action or actions taken to achieve the chosen strategy; also known as a tactical objective
• Strategic plan or incident action plan - plan created for a specific incident based on priorities and tactical objectives
• Application of definitions
• Strategy is a broad, general statement of the overall outcome to be achieved.
• Based on the department's standard operating guidelines
• Dictated by the priorities of life safety, incident stabilization, and property conservation
• Tactics involve the deployment and direction of resources (apparatus and personnel) at an incident
• Tactics are applied to achieve the strategy
• Involves specific tasks such as search and rescue or specific locations such as a roof
• Strategic plan or incident action plan addresses what is to be done, who will done, when it will be done, where it will be done, and how it might be done
• Plans are specific to the incident
• May be built around standard operating procedures
II. PRIORITIES (EO 1-2)
• Priorities fall into two categories that are integrated
• Incident priorities
• Life safety
• Incident stabilization
• Property conservation
• Tactical priorities (RECEO-V/S)