Conducting A Safe Structural Burn Training Drill

TOPIC: CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL TIME REQUIRED: FOUR TO SIX HOURS MATERIALS: TWO FULLY EQUIPPED PUMPERS (AT A MINIMUM), ONE STAFFED EMS UNIT, SCBA CYLINDER REFILLIING CAPABILITY, DRINKING WATER AND CUPS, CONTINUOUS WATER...


TOPIC: CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL

TIME REQUIRED: FOUR TO SIX HOURS

MATERIALS: TWO FULLY EQUIPPED PUMPERS (AT A MINIMUM), ONE STAFFED EMS UNIT, SCBA CYLINDER REFILLIING CAPABILITY, DRINKING WATER AND CUPS, CONTINUOUS WATER SUPPLY, CLASS A FUEL, INSTRUCTORS (AT LEAST ONE FOR EVERY FIVE STUDENTS PLUS SAFETY OFFICER, STOKER AND INSTRUCTOR-IN-CHARGE), ACQUIRED STRUCTURE

REFERENCES:

ESSENTIALS OF FIRE FIGHTING, 4TH EDITION, IFSTA

NFPA 1403, LIVE FIRE TRAINING EVOLUTIONS (2002), NFPA

PREPARATION:

MOTIVATION: Providing realistic training should be the goal of any training evolution so that personnel are better prepared and equipped to respond to a real emergency. Coupled with realism is safety. Nothing can turn a good training activity into a disaster more so than the injury or, even worse, the death of a trainee. Safety in training is not negotiable and must be the guide for any training activity.

OBJECTIVE (SPO): 1-1

The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of structural fire attack including fire behavior, hose handling, use of personal protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus, and teamwork.

OVERVIEW:

CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL

   * Preparation of the Training Site

   * Preparation of the Students

   * Safety Briefing

   * Evolutions

   * Post Evaluation and Cleanup

CONDUCTING A SAFE STRUCTURAL BURN TRAINING DRILL

SPO 1-1 The individual will demonstrate a basic understanding of structural fire attack including fire behavior, hose handling, use of personal protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus, and teamwork.

EO 1-1 Describe the items that must take place to prepare the site and the acquired structure for use in a training activity.

EO 1-2 Describe the student preparation requirements necessary to conduct a safe and successful structure training activity.

EO 1-3 Describe the items that should be included in the safety briefing to be conducted place prior to commencement of the training activity including the structure walk-through.

EO 1-4 Describe the activities that will take place during the individual team evolutions, especially those necessary to maintain control and safety of personnel.

EO 1-5 Describe the items that should be included in the post evaluation and cleanup phase of the training activity.

NOTE: This drill has been prepared for use with an acquired structure. It can also be adapted to a training facility.

A. PREPARATION OF THE TRAINING SITE (EO 1-1)

  1. Identify any permit requirements such as burn permits and health clearances that are needed to

      conduct the training activity

  2. Make sure of the structure ownership and obtain written permission from the owner for the training

      activity as well as burning the structure

  3. Make sure that there are no liens on the structure and that the insurance has been cancelled

  4. Make sure that the structure is structurally sound if you are planning on conducting interior

      operations

  5. Remove any hazardous storage items such as closed containers

  6. Repair any hazardous conditions or secure the areas so that they would not be used (examples

      include holes in floors and missing/damaged railings on stairs)

  7. Secure any hazardous conditions on the site such as wells

  8. Remove or secure any hazardous environmental conditions such as asbestos

  9. Arrange to protect exposures that the property owner may want saved such as trees, shrubs, or

      out buildings

  10. Make sure all flammable and combustible materials have been removed from the structure and

        adjacent area

  11. Inform neighbors of the training activity and any road closures, extra traffic, water usage in

        hydrant areas , and smoke conditions

  12. Establish and identify zones for operational personnel, support personnel, and spectators including

        staging of students and apparatus

  13. Stay abreast of weather conditions that may impact on the training activity

This content continues onto the next page...