Firefighter Pre-Basic IV

The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of ground ladder operations, positioning fire streams with ladders, carrying ground ladders, raising ground ladders, and climbing ground ladders. Session Reference: 4 Topic: Firefighter...


• Once a ladder is used to enter a building, it should be left in place as an exit

• Climb with back straight and use legs for climbing rather than arms

• When working on a ground ladder, secure to the ladder using a ladder belt or a leg lock (formed by passing one leg behind a rung and locking into a lower rung with the foot)

 

II. LIFTING, CARRYING, AND RAISING (4-2)

Methods of Lifting

• Lift with legs rather than with back

• Face direction opposite direction of travel

• Bend knee closest to ladder

• Place hand on rung

• When more than one person is involved in the lift, the person on the right heel gives the commands

• Lift in smooth, continuous manner, turning 180 degrees as the ladder is being lifted so that the ladder is being carried heel-first to the position of use

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Flat Carry

• For two-person carry, firefighters are on opposite ends of ladder

• For three-person carry, firefighters at tip and heel are on the same side; other firefighter is in middle on opposite side

• For four-person carry, two firefighters are at the tip and two are at the heel

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Beam Carry

• Place the ladder on its edge

• For a single person lift, the person is at approximate center of the ladder

• For a beam lift with more than one person, all personnel should be on the same side of the ladder

• For two-person carry, firefighters are at ends of ladder

• For three-person carry, one firefighters is at the tip and one at the heel with the third in the middle

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Flat Raise

• Carry ladder to position approximately one-quarter of the working length of the ladder

• Lower heel to ground

• Firefighter(s) at heel foot ladder by placing one foot on bottom rung and hands on the third rung

• Firefighter(s) at tip walk ladder up to a vertical position

• Firefighter on outside of ladder places one toe against beam and steadies ladder beam with both hands taking care to avoid fly section

• Firefighter on inside of ladder places side of foot against same beam as other firefighter, shoulder against same beam, and extends ladder using hand-over-hand motion

• If there are other firefighters, they should steady the beams

• Firefighter on outside of ladder determines when the ladder has been raised to the proper extension

• Firefighter on outside checks to make sure dogs are engaged

• Firefighters reposition to lower ladder into object

• Firefighter(s) on outside of ladder place on foot on bottom rung and hands on the third rung

• Firefighter(s) on inside stretch arms outward with hands on beam with back straight and one foot forward and the other foot backward

• Ladder is lowered into object slowly

• Angle of ladder is checked with toes against heels and hands outstretched; palms should rest on rungs with back straight - adjust as needed

• Make sure heel and tip are stable

• Tie off halyard before climbing

• Ladder should be heeled when being used

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Beam Raise

• Carry ladder to position heel approximately one-quarter of the working length of the ladder

• Lower heel to ground

• Firefighter at heel foots ladder by placing one foot on bottom beam

• Firefighter(s) at tip walk ladder up to a vertical position

• One firefighter repositions to outside of ladder and places one toe against beam and steadies ladder beam with both hands taking care to avoid fly section

• Other firefighter repositions on inside of ladder places side of one foot against same beam as other firefighter, shoulder against same beam, and extends ladder using hand-over-hand motion

• If there is another firefighters, he/she should steady the beams

• Firefighter on outside of ladder determines when the ladder has been raised to the proper extension

• Firefighter on outside checks to make sure dogs are engaged

• Firefighters reposition to lower ladder into object

• Firefighter(s) on outside of ladder place on foot on bottom rung and hands on the third rung