TOPIC: CONDUCTING A PRE-TRIP VEHICLE INSPECTION
TIME REQUIRED: THREE HOURS
MATERIALS: Appropriate Audio Visual Support Emergency Vehicle(s)
REFERENCES: Emergency Vehicle Operator Student Manual, University of Maryland Emergency Vehicle Driver In-Service Student Manual, University of Maryland, Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute. (1998). Rescue Technician Instructor’ Guide. St. Louis, MO: Author.
MOTIVATION: An emergency vehicle operator has numerous responsibilities. Paramount is his/her duty to ensure that the assigned vehicle is mechanically ready and reliable for the arduous service it will certainly be called upon to perform during the course of a shift. Failure or neglect of this critical task may lead to departmental or civilian injury or death.
OBJECTIVE (SPO): 1-1
The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of a pre-trip vehicle inspection and perform a practical exercise involving a fire department emergency vehicle.
COMPILING AND USING A PRE-INCIDENT SURVEY
*Laws, Regulations, Standards Governing Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspections
*Conducting the Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection
*Placing an Emergency Vehicle Out of Service
CONDUCTING A PRE-TRIP VEHICLE INSPECTION
SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of a pre-trip vehicle inspection and perform a practical exercise involving a fire department emergency vehicle.
EO 1-1 Identify various laws, regulations, and standards that address pre-trip vehicle inspection.
EO 1-2 Describe the steps taken to conduct a pre-trip vehicle inspection.
EO 1-3 Discuss situations which warrant placing an emergency vehicle out of service.
EO 1-4 Demonstrate the documentation of a pre-trip vehicle inspection.
I. Laws, Regulations, Standards Governing Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspections
A. NFPA 1451
1. “Standard for a Fire Service Vehicle Operations Training Program”
2. Apparatus must be inspected weekly
3. Apparatus removed from service for repairs must remain so until repairs are inspected
B. DOT Commercial Vehicle regulations
C. Departmental policies and SOP’s
II. Conducting the Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection
A. Practice using a systematic circle check
1. Top-to-bottom, left-to-right
2. May be varied according to the type of vehicle
3. Allows easy memorization of necessary steps
B. Engine compartment
1. Check radiator for leaks, coolant level and proper locking cap
2. Check for obvious fluid leaks
a) Within engine compartment
b) On the ground
3. Check fan for bent blades or loose mounting
4. Check belts for snugness (up to ¾ inch play at center of belt), cracks or frays
a) Power steering belt
b) Water pump belt
c) Alternator belt
d) Air compressor belt
5. Check oil level
6. Check power steering fluid level
7. Check brake fluid in master cylinder (if equipped)
8. Check battery for cracks or excessive corrosion
9. Check air cleaner for proper attachments
10. Check for obvious breaks or loose connections in electrical system, coolant hoses and vacuum
11. Check steering box and linkage (may also be perform while under vehicle)
a) Securely mounted
b) No leaks
c) No missing nuts, bolts or cotter keys
C. In the cab
1. Check operation of doors, door handles and latches
2. Check seat adjustment and safety belts
3. Check mirror adjustment
4. Check windshield
b) No obstructions
c) Illegal stickers
d) Damage to glass
5. Check free play of clutch pedal (if equipped)
D. With engine started
1. Check engine for ease of starting and smooth operation
2. Check for fluid leaks with engine running
3. Engage hi-idle for diesel engines (RPM’s should always be above 1000)
4. Check dashboard
a) Proper lighting
b) Appropriate indicators are working