Firefighter Pre-Basic III

The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service. Session Reference: 3 Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic III Level of Instruction...


The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service.

Session Reference: 3

Topic: Firefighter Pre-Basic III

Level of Instruction:

Time Required: 3 Hours

Materials:

• Assortment of hand tools and power saws

• Lengths of rope for each participant

References:

• Essentials of Fire Fighting, Fourth Edition, IFSTA, Chapters 11 & 12

Preparation

Motivation: Instructor should stress the need for safety in all aspects of emergency service duties and impress upon the students the roles of attitude, training, and awareness. Proper knowledge and use of personal protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus is necessary to help provide a safe working environment for the emergency service provider.

Objective (SPO): The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service.

Overview: Firefighter Pre-Basic III

• Basic Tools

• Knot Tying

• Hoisting Tools

Instructors Notes: This lesson should be delivered as a combination of demonstration and student practice with the minimum amount of time spent on lecture. This material is designed to give the student some basic information on small tools and ropes and knots. It is not intended to replace a Firefighter I program nor make the individuals fully-functional firefighters. It includes some basic information that any new firefighter should know to assist in an exterior mode on the fireground. Instructor should have tools available for display, demonstration, and handling.

Firefighter Pre-Basic III

SPO 3-1

The firefighter will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the small tools in general fire service use as well as a knowledge of basic knots used in the fire service.

EO 3-1

Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the use and carrying of basic tools used in the fire service.

EO 3-2

Demonstrate tying basic knots used in the fire service including the safety knot, half hitch, bowline, clove hitch, and becket bend.

EO 3-3

Properly hoist a haligan bar, roof ladder, pike pole, and smoke ejector.

 

Instructional Guide

I. BASIC TOOLS (3-1)

Introduction

• Need - assist with performing fireground tasks

• Certain tools required on apparatus as part of apparatus standards

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Pike Pole

• Used for pulling ceilings and opening walls or separating debris

• Carried with point forward and pointed downward

• Used by pointing hook away, poking the hook into the wall or ceiling, and pulling downward away from body with one hand on the upper part of the handle pushing downward and the other hand on the handle pulling downward

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Pickhead Axe

• Used for cutting or pulling apart

• Carried with blade under the arm and hand over pick

• Used by striking object with blade; more effective cutting at slight angle rather than straight

• NOTE: Cut or punch in direction of blade and not with side of blade

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Flathead Axe

• Used for cutting, forcing, or striking other tools

• Carried with blade under the arm

• Used by striking object with blade or other object with flat portion of head

• NOTE: Cut or strike in direction of blade and not with side of blade

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Haligan Bar

• Used for prying or forcing

• Carried with pointed end forward and slightly downward

• Forked end and adz end used for prying or forcing; pointed end used for punching holes to start cuts; forked end can be forced with use of flathead axe

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K-Tool

• Used in conjunction with flathead axe and haligan bar to pull lock cylinders

• Carried in the pouch with key tools

• Blades placed snugly downward against lock cylinder, adz end of haligan bar placed in slot of K-tool and tapped snugly with flat end of flathead axe, haligan bar pushed downward to remove lock cylinder; once lock cylinder removed, appropriate key tool inserted into locked and turned from 5 to 7 o'clock position or vice versa to unlock

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