Technical Rescue - Part III

The NFPA 1670 Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Rescue Incidents provides the basis from which the development, training and operations for special operations technical rescue teams are measured against.


The development of a technical rescue program can enhance a jurisdiction's ability to handle the challenges imposed upon it by technology, growth and the socio-economic parameters that influence its day-to-day emergency responses. Only through careful planning, analysis and forecasting can risk factors be minimized to a manageable level that constantly addresses the safety and health of the emergency service personnel charged with delivering those services to their community. Adequate preplanning, preparation and resource organization can prepare a jurisdiction to handle the challenges of specialized technical rescue operations. Our world has significantly changed, our demands have increased, our level of preparedness must be strengthened and our abilities, skills and training must be constantly enhanced.

The following are recommended reference documents to assist in your Technical Rescue Team Development Process:

National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101.

  • NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 1999 edition.
  • NFPA 471, Recommended Practice for Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents, 1997 edition.
  • NFPA 472, Standard for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials Incidents, 1997 edition.
  • NFPA 1006, Standard for Rescue Technician Professional Qualifications, 2000 edition
  • NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 1997 edition.
  • NFPA 1561, Standard on Fire Department Incident Management System, 2000 edition.
  • NFPA 1581, Standard on Fire Department Infection Control Program, 2000 edition.
  • NFPA 1670, Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Rescue Incidents, 1999 edition.
  • NFPA 1710, Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments , 2001 Edition
  • NFPA 1720, Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the to the Public by Volunteer Fire Departments ,2001 Edition
  • NFPA 1951, Standard on Protective Ensemble for USAR Operations, 2000 edition.
  • NFPA 1982, Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS), 1998 edition.
  • NFPA 1983, Standard on Fire Service Life Safety Rope and System Components, 2001 edition.

Federal Emergency Management Agency, 500 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20472.

  • FEMA Earthquake Hazards Reduction Series 41, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: A Handbook.
  • FEMA US&R Response System. FEMA Web Site www.fema.gov.

Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.120, U.S. Federal OSHA Standard on Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER).
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.146, "Permit-Required Confined Spaces," May 19, 1994.
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.1030 (OSHA), "Blood-Borne Pathogens," July 1, 1992.
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1926, Subpart P, Appendix A, "Soil Classification," July 1, 1995.
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1926, Subpart P, Appendix C, July 1, 1995.
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1926, Subpart P, Appendix B, "Excavations, Sloping and Benching," August 9, 1994.
  • Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1926.651, "Specific Excavation Requirements," August 9, 1994.

United States Fire Administration, Emmitsburg, MD.

  • FEMA, New Techniques in Vehicle Extrication, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD, September, 1994.
  • FEMA, Urban Search and Rescue Response System-Operational System Description and Mission Operational Procedures, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD.
  • United States Fire Administration, Protective Clothing and Equipment Needs of Emergency Responders for Urban Search and Rescue, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD, 1994.
  • United States Fire Administration, Technical Rescue Program Development Manual, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD, August, 1995.
  • United States Fire Administration, Technical Rescue Technology Assessment, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD, January 1995.
  • United States Fire Administration, Technical Report Series. Refer to the USFA web site for various technical reports and case studies of technical and urban search and rescue missions