New Safety Features in 1998 Model Vehicles

Understand the extent of the 'New Technology' features of 1998 model year vehicles.


Understand the extent of the 'New Technology' features of 1998 model year vehicles.

SUBJECT: New Technology items for model year 1998
TOPIC: 1998 model-year new technology safety features
OBJECTIVE: Understand the extent of the 'New Technology' features of 1998 model year vehicles
TASK: Using this list, inspect 1998 model year vehicles to identify location and operation of various new technology features and determine changes necessary in your department's current vehicle rescue standard operating guidelines.

Every year, firefighters, medical personnel and extrication responders encounter unexpected new technology features at the scene of vehicle crashes. In just this 1998 model year alone, there are more than 187 different makes and models of vehicles. A total of 34 of them have some type of side-impact airbag systems. Lack of information about features such as these new side-impact airbags, second-generation depowered airbags, laminated glass in side and rear windows, and vehicle construction materials reduce the effectiveness of rescue procedures and threaten the safety of responding personnel.

This lesson provides a brief 'A to Z' checklist of significant new technology items found in 1998 vehicles that can effect responder and crash scene safety.

  
Audi A-8
Composite (laminated) glass in windshield, rear and side windows; front and rear outboard seat-mounted side impact airbags; single point sensor module under back seat; front and rear seat side impact systems use SMART airbags
Audi A-6
Front and rear outboard seat-mounted side impact airbags; single point sensor module along lower seat frame; front and rear seat side impact systems use SMART airbags
Audi A-4
Front and rear outboard seat-mounted side impact airbags single point sensor module along lower seat; frame front and rear seat side impact systems use SMART airbags
BMW 1998 3, 5, 7 series, and Z3 model
Door-mounted front seat side airbags, single point sensor module mounted to floor between front seats; rear seat, door mounted, side airbags available on 5 & 7-series; HPS airbags mounted in A-post and headliner along roof line, sensor; modules under dash inside at base of A pillar, standard on 7 series, optional on 3 & 5-series
Cadillac Catera
Door panel mounted front seat side impact airbags; sensor module located in front doors behind trim panel at lower center position, fuse is in the trunk; front seatbelts use pretensioners; dual steel bar reinforcements in all four doors; driveshaft collapses like a telescope on impact
Cadillac Deville Concours
Door panel mounted front seat side impact airbags; sensor module located in front doors behind trim panel at lower center position, fuse is in the trunk; front seatbelts use pretensioners
Cadillac DeVille D'Elegance
Door panel mounted front seat side impact airbags; sensor module located in front doors behind trim panel at lower center position, fuse is in the trunk; front seatbelts use pretensioners
Cadillac Seville
Side impact airbags, sensor located inside lower B-pillar
Chevrolet Prism LSi
Front outboard seat mounted airbags (optional ), sensor module in lower rear corner of front door
Chevrolet S-10 pickup
Passenger front airbag cutoff switch; side-impact airbags; third door, driver's side
Chevrolet C/K pickup truck
Passenger front airbag cutoff switch; extended cab; third door, passenger's side
Chevrolet Venture minivan
Driver's side sliding door feature; front outboard seat-mounted side airbags, sensor module located inside; B-pillar above belt retractor
Chrysler Concorde
Full-size sedan, new for 1998
Dodge Viper
Dual front airbags
Dodge Durango
New sport utility vehicle (SUV) for '98; largest SUV on market; optional seating for eight occupants
Dodge Ram pickup
Four door "Quad Cab"; passenger side front airbag cutoff switch
Dodge Dakota pickup
Extended cab, no third door; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Dodge Cargo van
Passenger side front airbag cutoff switch
Ford Crown Victoria sedan
New 'crashworthy' frame for '98
Ford Contour
Unique sheet metal panel construction
Ford Motors
Deploying Trim System; side impact protection; 'Safety Cell' structure with cross-car beam through dashboard; rigid cross-car beam; one-piece bodyside stamping
Ford Ranger pickup
Extended cab, no third door; dual front airbags; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Ford F-Series pickup trucks
Extended cab; third door, passenger's side; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Ford Windstar minivan
Longer driver's side door with 'tip & slide' driver's seat feature
Ford Bronco (SUV)
Seating capacity for up to nine passengers
GM OnStar global positioning & communications system
2 million vehicles; tracks airbag deployment, calls OnStar 911 operators; 888-onstar-7 or online at www.onstar.com
GMC Sonoma pickup
extended cab Third door, driver's side; side-impact airbag system
GMC Sierra C/K 1500 series pickup
Extended cab; third door, passenger's side; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
GMC Blazer (SUV)
Side-impact airbag system
GMC Jimmy (SUV)
Dual front airbags; side-impact airbag system
GMC Yukon Denali (SUV)
Full size luxury SUV; new for '98
Isuzu Hombre pickup truck
Extended cab, no third door
Infiniti I30 & I45
Anti-theft airbag module bolt; front outboard seat-mounted side-impact airbags optional; sensor module located in B-pillar above belt retractor; front seat belts use pretensioners
Jaguar XJ-series ( XJR, XJ8, XJ8-L ), Vanden Plas
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, sensor module located inside B-pillar above belt retractor; front seat belts use pretensioners
Note: Pre-1995 model year vehicles use mechanical airbag activation system. 1996 and newer model year vehicles use electrical operation
KIA Sportage sport utility
Knee bolster air bag "panel" deploys below steering column for protect driver's knees
Lexus ES300, LS400, GS300, GS400
Fuel tank wraps around driveshaft and sits under the rear seat; front outboard seat mounted air bags, sensor module located in B-pillar above belt retractor; front seat belts use pretensioners
Lexus RX-300
New SUV for '98; dual front airbags; side-impact airbags
Lincoln Continental & Lincoln Town Car
Base of windshield moved 5 inches forward; new stronger frame
Lincoln Navigator
Luxury SUV new for '98; seating capacity for eight occupants
Mazda B-series pickup truck
Extended cab; (four-door cab possible late '98); passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Mercedes ML320
New SUV for '98; body-on-frame construction; fuel tank wrapped over driveshaft; door panel mounted front seat side-impact airbags, single point sensor module in dash behind radio; SMART front passenger airbag
Mercedes CLK 320
2-door coupe; new for '98; door panel mounted front seat side-impact airbags, single point sensor module in dash behind radio; SMART front passenger airbag
Mercedes C-class, E-class, CLK, SLK, S320, M-class
Door panel mounted front seat side-impact airbags, single point sensor module in dash behind radio; SMART front passenger airbag; S-class passenger front airbag off/on switch; Optional rear seat side impact airbags
Mitsubuishi Montero
SUV with seating capacity for eight passengers
Mercury Sable
One-piece body side stamping; rigid cross-car beam
Mercury Grand Marquis
New '98 'crashworthy' frame
Nissan Maxima
Front outboard seat mounted air bags, sensor location not listed (optional)
Nissan Altra 4-door wagon
Lithium-ion battery electric powered car
Nissan Frontier pickup
New model for '98; no extended cab or third door; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Oldsmobile Intrigue
Mid-size sedan new for '98
Oldsmobile Silhouette minivan
Front outboard seat-mounted side airbags, sensor module located inside B-pillar above belt retractor
Plymouth Viper
Dual front airbags
Pontiac Trans Sport minivan
Front outboard seat-mounted side airbags, sensor module located inside B-pillar above belt retractor; power sliding side door on passenger side
Pontiac Bonneville Eye Cue
Heads-up display of instrumentation, no instrument panel on dashboard
Porsche
Door panel mounted front side impact airbags, single point sensor module in console
Porsche Boxster
Door panel mounted front side impact airbags, sensor module at lower B-pillar inside sill area; integrated child safety seat linked to SMART passenger front airbag
Saturn
Side impact airbags introduced with 1999 model year vehicles
Saab 9-5
Side-impact airbags in driver and passenger front seat; reinforced body structure
Second Generation airbag
(All 1998 makes and models with airbags); depowered front airbag units
Subaru
Side impact airbags introduced with 1999 model year vehicles
Subaru Forester sedan
Compact auto, new for '98
Suzuki Esteem wagon
New for '98
Toyota Avalon
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, sensor in lower rear corner of front door
Toyota Camry
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, sensor in lower rear corner of front door (optional)
Toyota Corolla
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, sensor in lower rear corner of front door (optional)
Toyota T100 pickup truck
Driver's side only airbag; extended cab, no third door
Toyota Tacoma
No extended cab, no third door; passenger front airbag cutoff switch
Toyota Sienna XLE minivan
Dual front airbags; optional driver's side sliding door; side-impact airbags optional for driver and passenger
Toyota Sienna minivan
Side-impact airbags
Volkswagon Cabrio, Golf, Jetta, & Passat GLS
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, mechanically operated single point sensor module mounted to floor under front seat
Volvo S70, S90, V70, V90, C70
Front outboard seat mounted side airbags, mechanical sensor along lower seat frame behind seat trim material; front seat belts use pretensioners; SMART passenger front airbag
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