Firefighter Survival Awareness

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the importance for knowing personal survival techniques if trapped in a fire situation. Session Reference: 1 Topic: Firefighter Survival Awareness Level of Instruction: Time Required...


SOME OF THE PRACTICAL MATERIAL IN SECTIONS III AND IV OF THIS INSTRUCTOR GUIDE IS BASED ON A TRAINING PROGRAM DELIVERED IN FREDERICK, MARYLAND, ON MARCH 27-28, 1999, BY MEMBERS OF THE TRAINING STAFFS OF THE ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY (MD) FIRE DEPARTMENT AND THE HOWARD COUNTY (MD) DEPARTMENT OF FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICES.

NOTE: The instructor should review each of these items in the classroom before moving to the practical area for demonstration and student practice.

Personal Survival Tips

• Communicate "mayday"

• Activate emergency button on radio

• Shine light on ceiling

• Turn PASS device on manual

• Consider personal survival techniques

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Interior Wall Breaching

NOTE: This activity involves making an opening in a wall constructed of drywall and wood studding so that the firefighting can crawl into an adjoining room.

• Locate wall studding

• Locate space between studs

• Remove panel with heel of foot or entry tool

• Enlarge area as needed (may be able to kick out stud at base)

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Low Profile Wall Passage

NOTE: This activity involves being able to go through the normal framing in a structure by maneuvering the body and the SCBA to fit between the studs while standing. Every effort should be made to complete this activity without removing the SCBA backpack.

• Size up area to pass through

• May require removal of airpack from back (must be done without dislodging facepiece)

• Once pass-through is completed, return airpack to back

• Remember wires and other obstructions in walls

NOTE: There are some additional techniques such as the ladder slide, hose slide, and personal rope slide that can be utilized to evacuate a fire area in an emergency. These techniques should only be taught and practiced under the guidance of instructors qualified in those areas.

 

IV. Firefighter Rescue (1-4)

Stair Drag

• One rescuer grabs victim's SCBA shoulder straps

• Second rescuer slides hands up victim's turnout pants and makes fist

• One rescuer pulls while other rescuer pushes victim up or down stairs

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Drag Drill

• One person drag using SCBA straps

• Place victim face up with dummy SCBA (old SCBA no longer in use; may want to use pieces of carpet on concrete surfaces to protect SCBA)

• Rescuer grabs both of victim's SCBA shoulder straps

• Rescuer walks backwards dragging victim

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• Two person drag using SCBA straps

• Place victim face up with dummy SCBA

• Each rescuer grabs one of victim's SCBA shoulder straps

• Rescuers walk backwards dragging victim

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• One person handcuff drag

• Demonstrate tying handcuff knot

• Form a clove hitch

• Pull the outer loop on the left side back through the middle

• Pull the inner loop on the right side out through the middle

• Pull on the two loops that were moved

• A loop should have been formed for each hand which are adjustable by pulling on the ends

• Demonstrate placement of handcuff knot on forearms just below elbow

• Place victim face up with dummy SCBA

• Tie handcuff knot and place on victim's arms

• Rescuer drags victim with rope

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• Two person push pull drag

• Place victim face up with dummy SCBA

• One rescuer grabs victim's SCBA shoulder straps

• Other rescuer slides hands up victim's turnout pants legs as far as possible and makes a fist

• Rescuers move victim in coordinated fashion

NOTE: There are some additional techniques such as the tight space rescue (Denver Drill), below floor rescue (Nance Drill), and the ladder rescue that can be utilized to remove a trapped firefighter from a fire area in an emergency. These techniques should only be taught and practiced under the guidance of instructors qualified in those areas.

Summary

Firefighter Survival Awareness

• Risk management

• Activities to minimize risk

• Personal survival/evacuation

• Firefighter rescue

Remotivation: Stress the importance of being able to think clearly and remain calm so that the techniques practiced can be performed in an emergency situation. Part of the process of surviving is the ability to perform under stress.