Session Reference: 1
Topic: Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations
Time Required: 3
• Truck Company Fireground Operations, Second Edition, Chapters 2, 8, And 11
• Essentials Of Fire Fighting, Third Edition, Chapter 8
Objective (SPO): 1-1
The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of safe aerial operations, aerial apparatus positioning, and setting up and operating elevated streams.
Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations
• Introduction to Aerial Operations
• Apparatus positioning
• Rescue using aerial apparatus
• Ventilation using aerial apparatus
• Hose operations using aerial apparatus
• Elevated streams
Session 1 Aerial Apparatus Fireground Operations
SPO 1-1 The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of safe aerial operations, aerial apparatus positioning, and setting up and operating elevated streams.
EO 1-1 Describe the various types of aerial or elevated apparatus and the general uses of each.
EO 1-2 Describe basic aerial apparatus positioning requirements at the fire scene.
EO 1-3 Describe the various techniques for rescue using aerial units.
EO 1-4 Describe the techniques of using aerial units to ventilate a structure.
EO 1-5 Describe the techniques of using aerial units to support fire streams.
EO 1-6 Explain the tactical use of an elevated stream.
I. Introduction to Aerial Operations (1-1)
NOTE: The information related to aerial units is included for operational and tactical consideration. The operation of the aerial unit is usually the responsibility of the aerial unit driver/operator. This course is not intended to address the specific requirements related to operating the aerial unit.
A. Each general type of aerial unit
1. Aerial ladder
2. Extending or telescoping platform
3. Articulating platform
B. Best type unit depends on operation for which used most often and makeup of territory
1. Aerial ladder and extending platform give greater angular reach for given length
2. All three types versatile
a. Rescue - removing occupants, lowering injured to ground, and placing crews on upper floors
b. Ventilation - placing crews on roofs and upper floors, knocking out windows
c. Attack lines - access to building, hoisting lines to crews in building, positioning lines for use as
d. General access - augmenting or replacing stairways and fire escapes
e. Hoisting - derrick to hoist sections of hose, tools, fans, appliances, and other equipment
f. Elevated streams - general fire fighting and exposure coverage
II. Apparatus Positioning (1-2)
1. Approach is more difficult as unit gets closer to fire building
2. Advance in slow, deliberate manner
3. Officer-in-charge should be concerned with getting good position
4. Must not commit unit until in proper position
1. Not essential to be positioned directly in front or rear on one- and two-story building
2. Should not block access to hydrants or protective systems
3. Allow access to taller buildings
a. Engine should pull past building when truck and engine coming from same direction
b. Engine should stop short when truck and engine coming from opposite directions
c. Width of building and fire conditions may solve positioning problem
d. May require positioning for elevated streams
C. Front and rear coverage
1. Must be addressed in standard response procedures
2. Entire building should be checked as soon as possible
3. First arriving truck should be assigned front
4. Second arriving truck to rear
5. Assignment modified according to situation
6. Rear assignment does not mean truck must be driven to rear; crew must check rear
7. One crew should check rear on single truck responses