University of Extrication: Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Identification

SUBJECT: Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Identification TOPIC: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2990 Document OBJECTIVE: Understand the requirements of the newly published Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2990 document TASK: The...


To access the remainder of this piece of premium content, you must be registered with Firehouse. Already have an account? Login

Register in seconds by connecting with your preferred Social Network.

OR

Complete the registration form.

Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required

Other significant items addressed in the new J2990 Standard require manufacturers to design their vehicles with a minimum of two out of a possible four methods to shut down the high-voltage (HV) electrical system. Automatic shutdown of the high-voltage system is the primary and preferred HV shutdown method from a responder perspective as it means that upon significant impact, the HV electrical system automatically shuts down even before we get the call.

A second HV shutdown primary disabling method that also complies with J2990 shuts down the HV system when a responder turns off the ignition at the key or power/stop button. A third, optional design that is acceptable allows the cutting or disconnecting the cables of the 12-volt electrical system to also shut down the high-voltage system as well. In this case, responder “cut labels” also have to be provided to indicate which cables need to be cut or disconnected to accomplish shutdown.

The fourth method of HV electrical system shutdown for a hybrid or electric vehicle involves designing the manual disconnect device to be accessible and designed for use by responder personnel without any special or unique electrical protective gear. These disconnects will all be orange in color to standardize their identification at crash scenes.

It would be well worth fire service agencies obtaining a copy of this new Standard from the SAE and studying its contents. This is a major victory for the fire service; one that we need to understand better before we can realize how significantly this document will improve our safety and increase our efficiency at a hybrid or electric plug-in vehicle incident.

TASK: The rescue team shall review the SAE J2990 document and determine how the requirements of this Standard will impact responder safety and rescue operations at incidents involving a hybrid or electric plug-in vehicle.